Main Article Content
This study assessed availability and utilization of biology equipment/materials in Ekiti State Senior Secondary School Biology lessons. The study specifically examined the extent to which school location affects the availability and utilization of Biology laboratory materials for practical activities.
The study adopted the descriptive research design of the survey type. The population of the study comprised of 19,603 Senior Secondary School II (S.S.S2) students and 378 Biology teachers in all 189 Public Secondary Schools in Ekiti State. The sample for this study were 490 respondents, comprising 450 Students and 40 teachers randomly selected from 18 secondary schools using multi-stage sampling technique. Three set of instruments tagged ‘Biology Teacher Activities Questionnaire (BTAQ)’, ‘Biology Student Activities Questionnaire (BSAQ)’ and ‘Biology Equipment/Materials Checklist (BEC)’ were used for the study. The three instruments BTAQ, BSAQ and BEC were validated by experts. Also the reliability of the three instruments BTAQ, BSAQ and BEC yielded reliability coefficients of 0.87, 0.79 and 0.68 respectively. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages and means were used to answer research questions while the inferential statistics involving t-test statistics was used to test the hypothesis, the hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The findings of the study showed that facilities for Biology practical activities were available in schools moderately. It was also found that the utilization of available facilities for Biology practical activities in schools was moderate. It was found that there was no significant difference between availability and utilization of materials for practical activities in rural and urban schools.
Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that government in collaboration with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) should ensure that resources are provided in the laboratory for effective teaching- learning process. Also, periodic seminars and workshops should be organized for Biology teachers in order to enhance their effective utilization of facilities for Biology practical.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in IJIER journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
2. Aladejana, F. &Aderibigbe, O. (2007). Science laboratory environment and academic performance. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 16 (6), 500-506.
3. Alebiosu, K.A. & Michael, E. (2018). Towards optimal enhancement of practical work and activities in school science. Journal of Research in Science Education, 2(1) 1-10
4. Ayeni, M.F. (2016). School variables as determinants of students’ achievement in secondary Biology. Journal of Children in Science and Technology, 10(1), 131-135
5. Bello, T.O. &Famakinwa, A. (2014). Effects of gender on Basic Science practical skills of lower primary school pupils. Journal of Emerging Trend in Educational Research and Policies Studies, 2, 78 – 90.
6. FRN, (2013). National Policy on Education. Abuja. NERDC press
7. Ihejiamaizu, C.C.&Ochui,I.O. (2016) Utilization ofbiology laboratory equipment and students academic performance in Cross River State,NigeriaBritish Journal of Education 4 (9)55-63.
8. Ihiegbulem,V.N. (2006) Enhancing the teaching of Biology through the use of available local national resources..STAN Proceeding of the 4th Annual Conference.
9. Millar, R. & Abraham, I. (2009). Practical work: Making it more effective in schools. Science Research, 91(334), 59-64
10. Muhammad, R. (2017). A survey of availability, utilization and maintenance of Biology laboratory equipment and facilities in secondary school in Sokoto State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology 6(1).
11. Nwakonobi,F.E.(2008). Realizing the vision of National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies (NEEDS) and millennium Development Goals(MDGS): Implication for Biology Education. Journal of Education 8(1),58-68.
12. Nzewi, U.M. (2008). Practical approach to the effective teaching of ecological concepts for sustainable development. Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) Biology panel 2008 series, 1-6.
13. Oludare,O.T.,Abiodun, O.S.&Ajayi,B.A.(2006).The status of resources in secondary school teaching and learning in Lagos State, Nigeria. Proceeding of the 47th Annual Conference of science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) Nzewi (Ed).
14. Owoeye, J.S. &Yara, P.O. (2011). School location and academic achievement of secondary school in Ekiti State. Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(15)
15. SCORE, (2008). Practical work in Science. A report and proposal for strategic framework. Accessed from http//www.score-education.org/about score.
16. SCORE, (2013). Resourcing practical Science at primary level. Accessed from http:// Score-education.org/policy/curriculum/practical work in service.
17. Uyoata, U.E. (2006). Availability, selection and utilization of instructional resources for teaching primary Science in Uyo Local Government Education Authority, Akwa-Ibom State. 47th STAN Annual Conference Proceedings, 38-44.
18. Watts, A. (2013). The assessment of practical Science: A literature review. Cambridge Assessment.