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Environmental education with a focus on biodiversity values can be an instrument for sensitization, reflection, construction of a critical vision and behavior change, being the knowledge of local Biodiversity, fundamental for the valorization and conservation of the native elements, including the Caatinga that has always been underestimated by its dry appearance and poor appearance. This work aimed to present a diagnosis on the environment, Caatinga biodiversity and ecosystem services, with students from a municipal school in Juazeiro / BA. In order to do so, we used qualitative and quantitative research, through bibliographic research, in which the conceptual and normative aspects were addressed through books, articles, journals and others, as well as through questionnaires for students. It is necessary that society acquires practices of environmental education as an educational process, providing knowledge and exercises of citizenship for a critical and conscious action.
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