Application of Behavioural Emotional Rating scale (BERS 2nd ed.) to Study Social and Emotional Behaviour of Students at Middle Level in District Mirpur Azad Jammu Kashmir

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Dr. Razia Rizve
Dr. Saira Farooq Shah
Nimra Khalid
Maryam Iqbal


Social Emotional Learning (SEL) is an ‘Umbrella term’ which covers all the aspects of development of an individual and can increase positive attitude towards self and others, hence reduces negative thinking. Social Emotional Learning is necessary to provide awareness to develop five core competencies i. Self-Awareness, ii. Self-Management, iii. Relationship skills, iv. Social-Awareness, v. Responsible decision making in students, as it is prerequisite for learning process. It creates a stable person who knows, how to behave in certain circumstances. The objectives of the study were to analyze the self-management in students at Middle level, identify the factors associated with responsible decision making, to develop better relationship skills that associates confidence in children, to explore the social awareness rate, to examine the abilities of children self-awareness. This study was quantitative in nature as it was implementation of BERS Scale (2nd Ed.) which is accurate & valid scale to measure attitude & is based on 4-point Likert Scale. Data was collected through BERS Questionnaires which are authentic and comprises of 55 questions. Data was analyzed trough applying of statistical techniques. Results showed majority of the students said that they are stable which indicate that Education system in Mirpur (A.J.K) has been improved in the past few years due to teacher training programs and facilities provided to the students. The study recommended that Social Emotional learning is essential for students. It also suggested that students can be saved from getting into depression, anxiety, regression, aggression and other mental disorders trough proper parental care, eradication of poverty, teacher training, gifted & talented education (GATE) of teachers and turning of schools into homelike environment.


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How to Cite
Rizve, D. R., Shah, D. S. F., Khalid, N., & Iqbal, M. (2019). Application of Behavioural Emotional Rating scale (BERS 2nd ed.) to Study Social and Emotional Behaviour of Students at Middle Level in District Mirpur Azad Jammu Kashmir. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(11), 599-607.
Author Biographies

Dr. Razia Rizve, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, MUST 10250 Mirpur AJ&K

Assistant Professor

Dr. Saira Farooq Shah, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, MUST 10250 Mirpur AJ&K

Assistant Professor

Nimra Khalid, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, MUST 10250 Mirpur AJ&K Abstract

M.Phil Scholar

Maryam Iqbal, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, MUST 10250 Mirpur AJ&K

M.Phil Scholar


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