Quantification of CO2 Emissions by Top-down Method of Manaus Public and Private Transport Fleet

Main Article Content

Maurício de Jesus Carretilha
Fabiana Rocha Pinto
David Barbosa de Alencar
Gisele de Freitas Lopes

Abstract

Air pollutants emitted by motor vehicles make a major contribution to air pollution in large urban centers, accounting for about 75% of emissions. The estimation of GHG emissions by the “Top-down” method used in the National Energy Balance - BEN, provides for the conversion of all fuel consumption measures to a common unit. Thus, the study aimed to guide the monitoring and monitoring of the concentrations of pollutant gases emitted by diesel combustion vehicles, comparing CO2 emissions in 2018, in two public and private transport fleets in the city of Manaus. - AM Based on the application of the Top-Down methodology generating the data in the comparative table of public and private transport companies, it is evident that CO2 emissions for both fleets present a high air pollution index suggesting the adaptation of the vehicle fleet. by adopting similar fuel with lower pollutant content. The data obtained in the study show that fuels with low emission factors should be used in urban public transport vehicles.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
de Jesus Carretilha, M., Rocha Pinto, F., Barbosa de Alencar, D., & de Freitas Lopes, G. (2019). Quantification of CO2 Emissions by Top-down Method of Manaus Public and Private Transport Fleet. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(11), 274-282. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.Vol7.Iss11.1879
Section
Articles

References

BRAZIL. CONAMA Resolution No. 3 of June 28, 1990. Provides for air quality, provided for in PRONAR. Official Gazette of the Union Federative Republic of Brazil. Brasilia, DF, 22 ago. nineteen ninety.

BRAZIL. Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME). National Energy Balance 2012. Base Year 2011: Preliminary Results. Rio de Janeiro: EPE, 2012.

BRAZIL. 1st National Inventory of Atmospheric Emissions by road motor vehicles. Ministry of the Environment, Brasilia, Brazil. 2011

BUTLER, T.M. et al. The representation of emissions from megacities in global emission inventories. Atmospheric Environment, v. 42, no. 4, p. 703-719, 2008.

CARVALHO, C. H. R. Relative pollutant emissions from motorized passenger transport in large Brazilian urban centers. Institute of Applied Economic Research - IPEA, Brasilia, DF. 2011

NATIONAL TRANSPORT CONFEDERATION (CNT). The impacts of the poor quality of Brazilian diesel oil. Brasilia: 2012

FERNANDES, M. R. Formulation of new diesel based fuels performance and emissions evaluation. 2011. 154 Thesis: (Doctorate in Chemical Engineering) Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, UFRN, Brazil. 2011

FONTANA, J. D. Biodiesel: For readers from 9 to 90 years. Curitiba: Ed. UFPR, 2011.

IEA. Transport, Energy and CO2. OEDC Publishing, Paris. October, 2009.

INEA - State Environmental Institute. Rio de Janeiro State Air Quality Report - Base Year 2010 and 2011. Rio de Janeiro. 2013

IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories - Revised. 1996

IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Volume I and II. 2006

LYRA, D. G. P. Inventory of atmospheric emissions from the metropolitan region of Salvador. 2006

MANZOLI, A. Analysis of Vehicle Emissions on Short Urban Routes with GPS Tracking. 2009, 200p. Thesis (Doctorate in Civil Engineering). University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos. 2009

MMA Ministry of the Environment. CONAMA Resolution 251/99.

MME Ministry of Mines and Energy - National Energy Balance - BEM. 1999

MATTOS, L. B. R. The importance of the transport sector in greenhouse gas emissions - The case of Rio de Janeiro. Master's Dissertation in Energy Planning, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ. 2011

PARRISH, D. D. Critical evaluation of US on-road vehicle emission inventories. Atmospheric Environment, v. 40, no. 13, p. 2288-2300, 2006.

SEIFFERT, M.B.S. Carbon Market and Kyoto Protocol: business opportunities in the pursuit of sustainability. Sao Paulo: Atlas, 2009.

SILVA, P. C. S .; DIAS, V. B. Climate change in the Amazon region and its impact on the international environmental project. LEA Class Books, v.1, n.1, p.32-51, 2012.

TEIXEIRA, E. C. Study of emissions from mobile sources in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. Quim Nova, 31 (2), 244–248. 2008

XIE, S .; CAI, H. Estimation of vehicular emission inventories in China from 1980 to 2005. Atmospheric Environment. Beijing, p. 8963-8979. Aug 09 2007

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'