Politeness Strategies and Cooperation Principle in 'Wonder' Movie

Main Article Content

Nurina Ulfa



This research discusses the politeness strategies and cooperative principle used by the characters in the movie entitled ‘Wonder’. The data of analysis come from the utterances of the characters which are described in descriptive method. The writer used politeness theory proposed by Brown and Levinson (1987) and cooperation principle advised by Grice (1975) to analyze the data. The results show that the characters in the movie used four kinds of strategies from Brown and Levinson (1987), those are bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness and off record. The utterances in the movie proves the violation of four maxims namely maxim of quality, maxim of quantity, maxim of relevance and maxim of manner. As the conclusion, positive politeness is used the most among the characters because it shows their closeness in social distance.


Keywords: Politeness strategies, positive politeness, negative politeness



Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Ulfa, N. (2019). Politeness Strategies and Cooperation Principle in ’Wonder’ Movie. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(7), 563-573. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.Vol7.Iss7.1596


[1] Brown, Penelope. 2015. Politeness and Language. Netherlands: Elsevier.
[2] Brown, Penelope and Stephen C. Levinson. 1987. Politeness Some universals in language usage. New York: Cambridge University Press.
[3] Cutting, Joan. 2002. Pragmatics and Discourse: A Research Book For Students. London: Routledge.
[4] Dharmayanti, Ni Kadek Eni. 2018. Politeness Strategies Used in Ellen DeGeneres’s TV Talk Show with Barack Obama as the Guest Star. Jurnal Humanis, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Unud. Volume 22.1 February 2018: 142-146
[5] Handoko, Pinto Zakiri. 2014. Politeness Strategies in Tony Abbot’s Speech Concerning Australia-Indonesia Tapping Issue. Malang: Brawijaya University.
[6] Ibrahim, Zulfah. 2018. The Flouting of Maxim in the Se7en Movie Script. Jurnal Ilmu Budaya. Vol. 2, No. 1, Januari 2018: 81-94
[7] Maisaroh. 2015. Positive Politeness Strategy used by characters in Memoirs of Geisha novel. Thesis. Surabaya: State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.
[8] Toda, Maria Anggryani Eno. 2017. Violations of Maxims Analysis of Cooperative Principle in Maleficent Movie. Journal of English Language and Language Teaching. Vol. 1, No. 1.
[9] Sadiyah, Kholifah. 2015. Positive Politeness Strategies Used by the Main Character in the Theory of Everything Movie. Surabaya: State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel Surabaya.
[10] Safitri, Ferdianita Lucky Nur. 2015. A Study of Politeness Strategie on Characters in The Big Wedding Movie Directed by Justin Zackham. Malang: Kanjurunan Malang University.
[11] Septiyani, Widanti. 2016. The Use of Brown and Levinson’s Politeness Strategies by the Main Characters of Bride Wars Movie.Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University.
[12] Yule, George. 1996. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[13] Zebua, Esterani. 2017. The Violation and Flouting of Cooperative Principles in the Ellen Degeneres Talk Show. Journal of Language and Literature 12 (1) Oktober 2017.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'