Main Article Content
Food access is a critical concern for every household, community or government as it is a basic source for human energy to do work and for survival. Access to food is an essential component of good nutrition, health and well-being. Food access risks affecting households and mainly the poor arise from many sources. Knowledge of food access risk sources and coping strategies can contribute to forward planning to avert food security hazards. This study analyzed the extent of gender role difference in household food access and established the relationship between household food access and coping strategies employed during hazards. The study was carried out in high and medium potential livelihood zones of Githunguri and Mwala Sub-Counties respectively. Multistage sampling strategy was used to get the sample of 384 households. Face to face interviews using structured questionnaires were conducted. Two Focus Group Discussions of 10 persons each with balanced gender, were conducted. Five key informants per sub-county were also interviewed using key informant schedules. Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistical data Package for Social Sciences Version 17. Chi-Square χ2 test results for variables in 24 out of 30 gender role variables indicated a p value less than the significance level (0.00 <.05). The study therefore rejected the null hypothesis and concluded that there was significant difference in gender role based food access in male and female headed households in Githunguri and Mwala Sub-Counties. The study recommended two studies that include: (i) Determination of opportunities and constraints to optimal income generation for improved food access (ii) Opportunities and constraints to increased food production by gender hence food access.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in IJIER journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
Braun, J.V. (2007). The world food situation: New forces and required actions. Washington DC: IFPRI.
Federation of Kenya Red Cross Society. (2010). FKRCS Publications. From htt://www.ifrc.org
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2005). Gender and food security. Rome: UN.
Food and Agriculture Organization (2005). The state of food insecurity in the world 2005:Eradicating world hunger key to achieving the millennium development goals, Rome: UN.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2006). The role of food and agriculture. Rome: UN.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2008). Integrated food security phase classification technical manual. Rome: U.N.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2011). The state of food insecurity in the world - How does international price volatility affect domestic economies and food security? Rome.
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2012). The state of food insecurity in the World Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition, Rome: U.N.
Ghulam Moheyuddin (2005). Incorporating Gender into Poverty Reduction Strategies Online at http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/684/ MPRA Paper No. 684, posted 07. November 2007 / 01:12
Gor, C.O. (2008). An analysis of the return to adaptation of agriculture technologies in South Western Kenya. Nairobi: U.O.N. An unpublished Thesis, University of Nairobi.
Government of Kenya. (2006). Gender equality and development. Nairobi: Government Printer.
Government of Kenya. (2007). Millennium development goals, status report for Kenya, 2007. Nairobi: Government Printer.
Government of Kenya. (2008). Ministry of agriculture, strategic plan 2008-2012. Nairobi: Government Printer.
Government of Kenya. (2010a). Economic review of agriculture 2010. Nairobi: Ministry of Agriculture.
Government of Kenya. (2009). Mwala district development plan, 2008 -2012. Nairobi: Government Printer.
Government of Kenya. (2010). Kiambu district development plan 2008-2012.Nairobi: Government Printer.
Government of Kenya. (2012). Kenya food security steering group report KFSSG, 2012. Nairobi: Government Printer.
International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies (LFRCRCS). (2009). World disaster report 2009), “focus on early warning and early action,” Geneva: UN.
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. (2012) .Biodiversity and livelihoods, New way forward for Africa's desert margins, Washington DC.
International Food Policy Research Institute. (2002). Reaching sustainable food security for all by 2020: Getting the priorities and responsibilities right. Washington DC.
Kothari, C.R. (1996). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Jaipur.
Maxwell, D. (1996). Measuring food insecurity the frequency and severity of coping strategies in food policy”. Nairobi: CARE and WFP.
Maxwell, D., & Caldwell, R. (2008).Coping Strategies index: field methods manual second edition, CARE, (First edition 2003), from ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/009/ae513e.pdf
Mugenda,O. & Mugenda, A. (2008). Research methods quantitative and qualititative approaches. Nairobi, Acts Press
Ojo, C.O. (2012). Analysis of gender contribution to the rural household food supply: a case study of Askira urban local Government Area, Borno State. Nigeria
Omosa, M. (1998). Re-conceptualizing food security: interlocking strategies, unfolding choices and rural life in Kisii District, Kenya. Netherlands: The Hague.
Sutherland, A.J., Irungu, j.w., Mugo,C.R., (1997) On-farm performance of pearl miller varieties under high and low soil fertility conditions in semi-arid eastern Kenya. In Kanga’ara,j.n., Sutherland.A., Gethi (Eds), participatory Dryland Agriculture Research areas of Mount Kenya. Conference held at Izaak Walton Inn. Embu 21-24 January 1997. KARI, Kitale, pp. 230-236
UNICEF.(2005). Assisting in emergences: A resource handbook for UNICEF staff. UNICEF, New York.
UNISDR.(2002). Living with Risk: A global review of disaster reduction initiatives. Geneva: United Nations.
UNISDR. (2004). Gender equality, environmental management and natural disaster reduction, Report from the On-Line Conference, Elaine, from www.unisdr.org .un
UNISDR. (2005). Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015; Building the resilience of nations and communities to Disaster. Kobe: World conference on disaster Reduction. Geneva: United Nations.
UNISDR. (2007). Words into Action: a guide into implementing the Hyogo Framework, Geneva: United Nations.
World Food Programme. (2007). Food aid flows. Rome: International food Aid Information Systems.
World Food Summit. (2007). World food summit, report. 2007. Rome.
World Food Programme. (2008). WFS report, 2008. Rome.
World Food Summit. (2009). World food summit, report, 2009. Rome.