Monitoring sustainable development in Brazil through a composite index

Main Article Content

Bruna A. Branchi
Letícia Lixandrão


Sustainable development indicators gained visibility with the United Nations 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals. At the same time, two basic problems became relevant: data availability and results communication. The present study aims to deal with both of them by proposing a Sustainable Development (SD) Index for Brazil. Collecting data for such composite index gave the opportunity for facing the data problems: availability and frequency mainly. On the other side, by comparing the Brazilian SD Index in 2001 and 2015, it is possible to show its efficacy in monitoring and easiness in communicating the progress, as well as problems, a country faces in meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Branchi, B. A., & Lixandrão, L. (2019). Monitoring sustainable development in Brazil through a composite index. International Journal of Innovation Education and Research, 7(3), 74-84.


M. Blasé, F. Beanhamou, B. Chavance, A. Gélédan, J. Léobal, and A. Lipietz, Histoire des pensées économiques: les fondateurs, Dalloz, Sirey, Paris, 1993.

P. Hardi, T. Zdan (eds), Assessing sustainable development: Principles in practice, IISD, Winnipeg, 1997. Available at:

Hirschman. “Confissões de um dissidente: a estratégia do desenvolvimento reconsiderada”, Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico, vol. 13, n. 1, 1983, p.

IISD – International Institute for Sustainable Development, Compendium of sustainable development indicator initiatives, 2009. Available at:

IPEA, Agenda 2030 - ODS – Metas nacionais dos objetivos de desenvolvimento sustentável, Ipea, Brasilia, 2018. Available at:çoes

W.A. Lewis, O desenvolvimento econômico com oferta ilimitada de mão-de-obra. In A.N. AGARWALE, S. SINGH (Coord.), A economia do subdesenvolvimento, Forense, Rio de Janeiro, 1969.

G. Myrdal, “Teoria Econômica e Regiões subdesenvolvidas”, Textos de Economia Contemporânea, Ministério da Educação e Cultura/Instituto Superior de Estudos Brasileiros, Rio de Janeiro, 1960.

R. Rottenburg, S.E. Merry, “A world of indicators: The Making of Governmental Knowledge through Quantification”. In R. Rottenburg, S.E. Merry, S.-J. Park, and J. Mugler (eds), The World of Indicators, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2015, pp.1-33.

L. Pintér, P. Hardi, A. Martinuzzi, and J. Hall, “Bellagio STAMP: Principles for sustainability assessment and measurement”. In S. Bell, and P. Morse (orgs.), Routledge Handbook of Sustainability Indicators, Routledge, New York, 2018.

T.M. Porter, “The flight of the indicator”. In R. Rottenburg, S.E. Merry, S.-J. Park, and J. Mugler (eds), The World of Indicators, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2015, pp. 34-55.

I. Sachs, Caminhos para o desenvolvimento sustentável, Garamond, Rio de Janeiro, 2002.

J. Sachs, G. Schmidt-Traub, C. Kroll, D. Durand-Delacre, and K. Teksoz, SDG Index and Dashboards Report 2017. New York: Bertelsmann Stiftung e Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), 2017.

J.E. Stiglitz, A. Sen, A., and J.-P. Fitoussi, Report by the commission on the measurement of economic performance and social progress, 2009. Available at:

UN - United Nations, Report of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, 2016. Available at:

UNSTATS, Global indicator framework adopted by the General Assembly, 2017. Available at:

WCED – World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, 1987.