Efficiency of fungicide chemical group in the preventive and curative control of Puccinia sorghi in corn and Cercospora zeae-maydis sporulation in different culture media

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Juliane Nicolodi Camera
Jana Koefender
Diego Pascoal Golle
Roberta Cattaneo Horn
Igor Pirez Valério
Eduardo Fiorin Flores
Carolina Cardoso Deuner

Abstract

The chemical control of diseases is one of the most used measures, especially for a rapid and precise control. The objectives of this work were to verify the behavior of three chemical groups of fungicides applied in a preventive and curative way aiming the control of common corn rust and the sporulation of Cercospora zeae-maydis in different culture media. Two experiments were installed, one for chemical control and the other for sporulation. For the chemical control experiment, propiconazole, azoxystrobin, ciproconazole + azoxystrobin and benzovindiflupir + azoxystrobin were the fungicides preventively and curatively applied for the control of common corn rust in a random block experimental design with three replicates. In relation to cercosporiosis sporulation experiment, five culture media were used: potato sucrose agar (PSA), V8 agar juice (V8), (LCHA), corn leaf extract (CL) and seasoned tomato extract (STE) were used. Discs with Mycelial of the fungus were placed on the media and submitted to the 12-hour light/12-hour dark continuous dark in a double factorial (culture media and light treatments) experimental design with four replicates. The fungicides azoxystrobin and ciproconazole + azoxystrobin were efficient for up to 21 days after inoculation of P. sorghi, the fungicide azoxystrobin was efficient for the curative control of P. sorghi. The greatest sporulation of the fungus was verified in the medium with seasoned tomato extract submitted to the photoperiod.

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How to Cite
Camera, J. N., Koefender, J., Pascoal Golle, D., Cattaneo Horn, R., Pirez Valério, I., Fiorin Flores, E., & Cardoso Deuner, C. (2018). Efficiency of fungicide chemical group in the preventive and curative control of Puccinia sorghi in corn and Cercospora zeae-maydis sporulation in different culture media. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 6(9), 42-54. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.Vol6.Iss9.1151
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