An Integrative Review




Design Thinking, Education, Children, Skills, Integrative Review


Children become more motivated to learn when what is presented to them reflects or simulates their own reality, providing a sense of authenticity to education. This article aims to analyse which studies have already been carried out in the scope of the use and teaching of Design Thinking for children in the school environment. In order to achieve this aim, a descriptive exploratory research was conducted, based on the integrative literature review, with the Scopus and Web of Science platforms as the basis. It was noticed that Design Thinking is a valuable tool for the empowerment of children and adolescents, as it stimulates empathy, communication, creativity, and the ability to analyse and solve problems. One point that should be drawn from the articles is that there is few formally structured materials on the use of Design Thinking as a pedagogical practice, which can hinder its more accelerated dissemination. Finally, although interventions are centred on children and adolescents, educators need to realize that they are the primary factor for transformation, through their involvement, dedication, and attitude. Therefore, they need to be qualified, aware of their role as facilitators, guiding in this collaborative journey of critical thinking, and problem-solving in an innovative and future-oriented way.


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Author Biographies

Fabiano Pamato Nunes, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Gestão do Conhecimento

Marcos Molinari , Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Gestão do Conhecimento

Antonio Francisco Pereira Fialho, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Gestão do Conhecimento

Carolina Santana, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia e Gestão do Conhecimento


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How to Cite

Nunes, F. P., Molinari , M. ., Fialho, A. F. P., & Santana, C. (2021). DESIGN THINKING AS A TOOL TO THE TEACHING OF CHILDREN, AND TEACHERS IN THE 21st CENTURY: An Integrative Review. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(11), 131–146.