Seawater as Renewable Energy in Air Conditioning and Plumbing Systems for Coastal Development




seawater renewable energy, air conditioning and plumbing system, innovative technology, water efficiency


Seawater is deemed as renewable energy and supplemental water source in coastal development. Utilizing seawater resources in air conditioning and plumbing system involves implementation of innovative technology such as seawater air conditioning (SWAC), seawater heat pump (SWHP), landscape irrigation system, potable water and greywater recycling. The research aims to demonstrate seawater usage as water efficiency option to reduce energy consumption, save freshwater and environment. The research had adopted systematic literature review (SLR) method to analyze the application of seawater building air conditioning and plumbing system on current publications and papers, and conclude with summary of benefits and challenges.


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Author Biographies

Poh Yin Ong, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Postgraduate Student, School of Housing, Building and Planning

Ar. Zalena Abdul Aziz, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Lecturer, School of Housing, Building and Planning


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How to Cite

Ong, P. Y., & Abdul Aziz, Z. (2021). Seawater as Renewable Energy in Air Conditioning and Plumbing Systems for Coastal Development . International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(9), 541–554.