Gamification Frameworks and Models for Health Contexts

An integrative review




Gamification, Health, Frameworks, Models


Objective: identify in the literature the state of the art of gamification frameworks and models developed for health contexts. Methods: an integrative literature review of articles indexed in the LILACS, SciELO, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science databases, in english and published between January 2010 and July 2020. Results: among the 10 studies included in the analysis, nine were published in journals and one in conference proceedings. As well as 100% of the analyzed studies were published between the years 2015 and 2020. Thus, among the articles are studies related to three health contexts, where six frameworks and two models were identified. Conclusions: it is noteworthy that the main gap related to the development of gamification frameworks and models for health contexts is the validation process. As well as, the trend and the possibility of observing the use of participatory approaches in models and frameworks of gamification for some health contexts was evidenced.


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Author Biographies

Murilo Guerreiro Arouca, Federal University of Bahia

Master's student, Dept. of Computer Science

Isa Beatriz da Cruz Neves, Federal University of Bahia

Adjunct Professor, Inst. of Humanities, Arts and Sciences

Marcos Ennes Barreto, London School of Economics and Political Science

Assistant Professorial Lecturer, Dept. of Statistics

Carlos Daniel Santana Cruz, Federal University of Bahia

Master's student, Dept. of Computer Science

Ricardo Lustosa Brito, Federal University of Bahia

Postdoctoral researcher, Institute of Collective Health


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Almarshedi A, Wills GB, Ranchhod A. The Wheel of Sukr: A Framework for Gamifying Diabetes Self-Management in Saudi Arabia. Procedia Computer Science. 2015; 63:475–80. DOI:

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Suppan M, Gartner B, Golay E, Stuby L, White M, Cottet P, et al.. Teaching Adequate Prehospital Use of Personal Protective Equipment During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Development of a Gamified e-Learning Module. JMIR Serious Games2020;8(2):e20173. DOI:

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How to Cite

Arouca, M. G., Neves, I. B. da C., Barreto, M. E., Cruz, C. D. S., & Brito, R. L. (2021). Gamification Frameworks and Models for Health Contexts : An integrative review. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(9), 374–386.