The Research of Constructing Generativity Model of Taiwan's Older Adults

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss9.3345

Keywords:

Generativity, Older Adults, Model

Abstract

This research was mainly based on the literature review and interview to depict the older adult’s self-contribution is built-up by social participation, giving meanings to contribution services throughout the process, and to establish the localized generativity model. Generativity is defined as an inner desire of an individual to lend a hand or make contribution to the society. Older adults wished to keep nurturing, guiding and mentoring their offspring even in passing down their experiences and knowledges to the next generation during the progress of ageing. Thus, generativity is the key concept to a successful ageing and old ages. In a nutshell, generativity is an implicit ability, which is possessed by all, to help one’s descendants and others, and create one’s fulfilling life. The findings of this research found that the development process of older adults generativity model in Taiwan includes 8 features: motivation source, concern, belief, commitment, preparation, action, narration, and future. This result echoed to generativity model proposed by McAdams and de St. Aubin (1992). The participations make people have clearly understanding about the significance of construct the generativity and investigate the generativity model of Taiwan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Li Hui Lin, National Chung Cheng University

Professor, Department of Adult and Continuing Education

References

Ackerman, S., Zuroff, D. C. & Moskowitz, D. S. (2000). Generativity in midlife and young adults: links to agency, communion and subjective well-being. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 50, 17-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2190/9F51-LR6T-JHRJ-2QW6

Baltes, P. B. & Baltes, M. M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: the model of selective optimization with compensation. In P. B. Baltes & M. M. Baltes (Eds.), Successful aging: perspectives from the behavioral sciences (pp. 1-34). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511665684.003

Chen, L. K.(2011). The Learning Process of Older Women Participating in Volunteer Service Promote the role of its successful aging. Taiwanese Gerontological Forum, 10, 1-25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4061/2011/912680

Cheng, S. T. (2009). Generativity in later life: perceived respect from younger generations as determinant of goal disengagement and psychological well-being. Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B(1), 45-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbn027

Clandinin, D. J. & Connelly, F. M. (2000). Narrative Inquiry: Experience and Story in Qualitative Research. San Francisco: Jossey-bass press.

Ehlman, K. & Ligon, M. (2012). The application of a generativeity model for older adult. International Journal of aging and human development, 74(4), 331-344. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2190/AG.74.4.d

Erikson, E. H. (1997). The life cycle completed: extended version with new chapters on the ninth stage of development by Joan M. Erikson. New York: Norton.

Keyes, C. L. M. & Ryff, C. D. (1998). Generativity and adult lives: social structural contours and quality life consequences. In D. P. McAdams & E. de St. Aubin (Eds.), Generativity and adult development: how and why we care for the next generation (pp. 227-263). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/10288-007

Kotre, J. (1984). Outliving the self: generativity and the interpretation of lives. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Kotre, J. (1996). Outliving the self: how we live on in future generations. New York: Norton & Co.

Lamdin, L & Fugate, M.(1997). Elder learning: new frontier in an aging society. AZ: The Oryx Press.

Lieblich, A., Tuval-Mashiach, R. & Zilber, T. (1998). Narrative research: Reading, analysis and interpretation. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412985253

Lin, L. H. (1992). The Study of Participating Volunteer Service and Successful Aging of Older Adult. Journal of Life-and-Death Studies, 4, 1-36.

McAdams, D. P. (1985). Power, intimacy and the life story: personological inquiries into identity. New York: Guilford Press.

McAdams, D. P. (1993). The stories we live by: personal myths and the making of the self. New York: Morrow.

McAdams, D. P., & de St. Aubin, E. (1992). A theory of generativity and its assessment through self-report, behavioral acts, and narrative themes in autobiography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62(6), 1003-1015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.62.6.1003

McClusky, H. Y. (1971). Education: Background and issues. Paper presented at the White House Conference on Aging. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Ministry of the interior, R. O. C. (2018). Resident Population by Age of 0-14, 15-64, 65+ and by 6-year Age Group. Monthly Bulletin of Interior Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.moi.gov.tw/files/site_stuff/321/1/month/month.html

Ranzijn, R. (2002). The potential of older adults to enhance community quality of life: links between positive psychology and productive aging. Ageing International, 27(2), 30-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12126-002-1001-5

Schoklitsch, A. & Baumann, U. (2011). Measuring generativity in older adults: the development of new scales. GeroPsych, 24(1), 31¬-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1024/1662-9647/a000030

Theruer, K. & Wister, A. (2010). “Altruistic behavior and social capital as predictors of well-being among older Canadians,” Ageing & Society, 30, 157-181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X09008848

Urrutia, A., Cornachione, M. A., Moisset, G., Ferragut, L. & Guzman, E. (2009). The culminating point of generativity in older women: main aspects of their life narrative. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 10(3), Art. 1, Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs090317.

Villar, F. (2012). Successful ageing and development: The contribution of generativity in older age. Ageing and society, 32, 1087-1105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X11000973

Villar, F. & Celdran, M. (2012). Generativity in older age: a challenge for universities of the third age (U3A). Educational Gerontology, 38, 666-677. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2011.595347

Yuen, H. K., Huang, P., Burik, J. K. & Smith, T. G. (2008). Impact of participating in volunteer activities for residents living in long-term-care facilities. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62(1), 71-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.62.1.71

Downloads

Published

01-09-2021

How to Cite

Lin, L. H. (2021). The Research of Constructing Generativity Model of Taiwan’s Older Adults. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(9), 323–334. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss9.3345