AN OVERVIEW OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN THE CITY OF GURUPI, SOUTH REGION OF TOCANTINS

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss10.3275

Keywords:

Epidemiology, visceral leishmaniasis, prevalence

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an endemic disease in the region of Gurupi, with higher prevalence in the pediatric age group, aggravated by the high morbidity and low prophylaxis and prevention strategies of this anthropozoonosis. Objective: To characterize the data reported in the municipality of Gurupi - TO in the years 2013 to 2020 and to outline the epidemiological profile of the disease by determining the risk factors for high prevalence of the disease in this locality. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological research, retrospective and documental based, extracted from the database of SINAN (Notifiable Diseases Information System) of Gurupi in the interval between 2013 and 2020. Evaluative questionnaires were applied to all patients notified and found, analyzing the variables described in the study and subsequent statistical application of the chi-square test. Results: In the city of Gurupi, the most affected age group was between 2 and 9 years (37.29%); the most affected gender was male (66.10%); the year of highest prevalence was the year 2017 a total of 37.28% of cases in the analyzed period; and the location of highest prevalence in the municipality were the neighborhoods farthest from the city center.  As for the probable sites for contamination, most people point to their own home as a source of contamination. Conclusion: The epidemiological cut shows the prevalence of VL in the city of Gurupi and highlights the need for preventive intervention protocols for the prevention of the disease in endemic areas to decrease morbidity and mortality and control the number of cases.

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Author Biographies

Nayanne Deusdará Escobar, Universidade de Gurupi - UNIRG

Nurse and Medical Student at the University of Gurupi UnirG

Adevan Bofim Costa Junior, Universidade de Gurupi - UnirG

Medical Student at the University of Gurupi UnirG

 

Andreisa Prieb, Universidade de Gurupi - UNIRG

Farmacêutica - Mestre em Medicina Tropical, Acadêmica de Medicina na Universidade de Gurupi

Ana Claúdia Sariava Rocha, University of Gurupi UnirG

Nurse and Medical Student at the University of Gurupi UnirG

Nathalia Freire Gilo , University of Gurupi UnirG

Medical Student at the University of Gurupi UnirG

 

Sthephany de Castro Bedran , University of Gurupi UnirG

Medical Student at the University of Gurupi UnirG

Marco Túlio Borges Sousa , University of Gurupi - UNIRG

Graduated in Medicine

Gabrielle Nazareno Escobar, Federal University of Tocantins - UFT

Veterinary medicine student

Luis Eduardo Gomides de Souza , University of Gurupi UnirG

Medical Student at the University of Gurupi - UnirG

Livia Zanatta , University of Gurupi UnirG

Medical Academic Nurse at University of Gurupi UnirG

Marla Adryelle Silva Costa , University of Gurupi - UnirG

Medical Student at the University of Gurupi - UnirG

Adolpho Dias Chiacchio , University of Gurupi UnirG

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from Universidade José do Rosário Vellano (2001), specialist in Morphophysiology from the Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), Master's student in Health Sciences at the Federal University of Tocantins. He is currently an assistant professor at the Fundação Centro Universitário Unirg de Gurupi, he was a substitute professor at the Fundação Universidade Federal do Tocantins. He has experience in the field of Morphophysiology, with an emphasis on Histology and Physiology

Helen Mariel Biazaussi , Federal University of Minas Gerais: UFMG

Doctoral Student in Parasitology

Walmirton Bezerra D’Alessandro , University of Gurupi UnirG

Biomedic. Master, Doctor in Tropical Medicine and Post Doctor in Assistance and Health Evaluation.

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Published

01-10-2021

How to Cite

Escobar, N. D., Junior, A. B. C., Prieb, A. ., Rocha, A. C. S., Gilo , N. F., Bedran , S. de C., Sousa , M. T. B., Escobar, G. N., Souza , L. E. G. de, Zanatta , L. ., Costa , M. A. S., Chiacchio , A. D., Biazaussi , H. M., & D’Alessandro , W. B. (2021). AN OVERVIEW OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN THE CITY OF GURUPI, SOUTH REGION OF TOCANTINS. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(10), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss10.3275