FREEDOM OF WILL AND CULPABILITY
Keywords:criminal law, Brazilian juridic order, freedom of will, culpability
Unlike animals (which are programmed by nature), the human being, at birth, brings with him an innate characteristic: freedom of action. In our legal-criminal system, after completing 18 years, the individual acquires the fullness of that freedom and, consequently, the capacity for culpability. This is because, from this age, it is assumed that the person achieves so-called self-determination, that is, the ability to direct alone to his own actions according to the formation of his independent will. In other words: legally it no longer requires the guidance of parents or guardians to direct their conduct. You have complete freedom of action.
WELZEL, Hans. O Novo Sistema Jurídico-Penal. Revista dos Tribunais, São Paulo. p. 27
WELZEL, Hans. O Novo Sistema Jurídico-Penal. cit. p. 88
TAVARES, Juarez. Fundamentos da Teoria do Delito. Editora Tirant lo Blanch, São Paulo. p. 460
JESCHECK, Hans Heinrich. Tratado de Direcho Penal, Ed. Espanhola, p. 559
BITENCOURT, Cezar Roberto, Tratado de Direito Penal, Ed. Saraiva, p, 614
ZAFFARONI, Raul Eugênio; PIRANGELI, José Henrique. Manual de Direito Penal Brasileiro: Parte Geral. Revista do Tribunais, 2ª edição, São Paulo, p.610
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