Epidemiological characteristics and causes of death after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage – SAH

Authors

  • Jarbas Galvão Universidade Regional de Blumenau
  • Daniela Delwing de Lima Universidade da Região de Joinville - UNIVILLE
  • Leandro José Haas Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9175-4670
  • Eduardo Manoel Pereira Universidade da Região de Joinville - UNIVILLE https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5734-626X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss6.3148

Keywords:

Cerebral aneurysms, Risk factors, Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Abstract

This study analyzed the epidemiological characteristics and causes of deaths after SAH in patients admitted to a referral hospital in southern Brazil. A hospital database was used, comprising the years 2006-2018, composed of 148 patients. Cross-tabulations and Logistic Regression were performed to determine the odds of death of epidemiological characteristics. Ruptured aneurysms had a higher incidence in women, aged between 41 and 60 years. Headache is the predominant symptom in 95% patients. Hypertension (61%) and smoking (47%) are the prevalent risk factors. The age group with the highest frequency of deaths is 71 to 80 years old. The causes of death are: external ventricular shunt (34%), ischemic injury (9%), bleeding (7%), cerebral edema (8%), sepsis (28%) and pneumonia (24.3%). Knowing the risk factors and complications involved provide important insights that help in understanding their genesis, treatment and prevention.

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Author Biographies

Daniela Delwing de Lima, Universidade da Região de Joinville - UNIVILLE

Farmacêutica pela Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA)

Docente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde e Meio Ambiente- Universidade da Região de Joinville (UNIVILLE).

Mestrado e doutorado em Ciências Biológicas (Bioquímica) pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul-(UFRGS).

Leandro José Haas, Universidade Regional de Blumenau - FURB

Médico pela Universidade Regional de Blumenau (FURB)

Docente do Departamento de Medicina (FURB)

Especialização em Neuroradiologia intervencionista (Fondation Rothschild )

Neuroradiologia intervencionista (David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles) e  Neurocirurgia (Sociedade Brasileira de Neurocirurgia

Eduardo Manoel Pereira, Universidade da Região de Joinville - UNIVILLE

Professor adjunto da Universidade da Região de Joinville (UNIVILLE)

Graduado em Farmácia-Bioquímica pela Universidade Federal de Alfenas

Mestre em Farmacologia pela Universidade Federal do Paraná

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Published

01-06-2021

How to Cite

Galvão, J., Delwing de Lima, D., Haas, L. J., & Pereira, E. M. (2021). Epidemiological characteristics and causes of death after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage – SAH. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(6), 66–79. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss6.3148