A Changes In Hormonal Response Caused By Different Types Of Physical Exercise

A Literature Review

Authors

  • Flávio Henrique Souza de Araújo Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Raquel Borges de Barros Primo Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Mi Ye Marcaida Olimpio Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Nathalia Oliveira da Silva FAHE
  • Catherine Alexia Yoshikawa Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Lígia Harumi Vilela Bartnick Tanaka Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Vinício Guimarães Freitas Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Luiz Fernando Benazet de Assunção Pereira Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Thais Gimenes Bachega Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml
  • Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss4.3042

Keywords:

endocrine response, endurance-type activity, GH, prevention of diseases, regular exercise

Abstract

The regular practice of physical exercises brings benefits to health, as long as it is done correctly. Therefore, it is essential to know the type of activity practiced and its relationship with the individual's organism, especially regarding the endocrine response. The objective of this study was to investigate the main hormonal axes that act in physical exercises and to understand their different responses according to the type of activity. A literature search was carried out in the Scielo, PubMed, and VHL databases with the combinations "exercise AND hormones", "sports AND endocrine", "endocrine regulation AND exercise", and "endocrine regulation". After analysis, seven studies were selected for the development of this paper. The physical exercises were divided into two modalities - strength and endurance - which vary according to the homeostatic change imposed on the body. The responses were analyzed according to the acting hormonal axis, as follows: hypophysary, by the action of a hormonal cascade; adrenal, catecholamines and cortisol; and pancreatic, represented by insulin and glucagon. This review revealed the modulation of endocrine responses varies whether the activity is one of strength, which relates to anaerobic processes, or endurance, which interacts with the cardiovascular system. Therefore, it is recommended that further studies be conducted on this subject so that the practice of physical exercises suits each individual's uniqueness and may contribute to the prevention and treatment of diseases.

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Author Biographies

Flávio Henrique Souza de Araújo, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

PhD in the Health Sciences Graduate Program

Raquel Borges de Barros Primo, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

PhD degree in the Health Sciences Graduate Program

Mi Ye Marcaida Olimpio, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Master in the Health Sciences Graduate Program

Nathalia Oliveira da Silva, FAHE

Specialization in Exercise Physiology and Personal Trainer

Catherine Alexia Yoshikawa, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Graduate Medicine, FCS

Lígia Harumi Vilela Bartnick Tanaka, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Graduate Medicine, FCS

Vinício Guimarães Freitas, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Graduate Medicine, FCS

Luiz Fernando Benazet de Assunção Pereira, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Graduate Medicine, FCS

Thais Gimenes Bachega, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

Graduate Medicine, FCS

Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados

 Professor of Human Physiology, FCS, PPGCS – UFGD

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Published

01-04-2021

How to Cite

Araújo, F. H. S. de, Primo, R. B. de B., Olimpio, M. Y. M., Silva, N. O. da, Yoshikawa, C. A., Tanaka, L. H. V. B., Freitas, V. G., Pereira, L. F. B. de A., Bachega, T. G., & Oesterreich, S. A. (2021). A Changes In Hormonal Response Caused By Different Types Of Physical Exercise: A Literature Review. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 9(4), 215–222. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol9.iss4.3042

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