A Changes In Hormonal Response Caused By Different Types Of Physical Exercise
A Literature Review
Keywords:endocrine response, endurance-type activity, GH, prevention of diseases, regular exercise
The regular practice of physical exercises brings benefits to health, as long as it is done correctly. Therefore, it is essential to know the type of activity practiced and its relationship with the individual's organism, especially regarding the endocrine response. The objective of this study was to investigate the main hormonal axes that act in physical exercises and to understand their different responses according to the type of activity. A literature search was carried out in the Scielo, PubMed, and VHL databases with the combinations "exercise AND hormones", "sports AND endocrine", "endocrine regulation AND exercise", and "endocrine regulation". After analysis, seven studies were selected for the development of this paper. The physical exercises were divided into two modalities - strength and endurance - which vary according to the homeostatic change imposed on the body. The responses were analyzed according to the acting hormonal axis, as follows: hypophysary, by the action of a hormonal cascade; adrenal, catecholamines and cortisol; and pancreatic, represented by insulin and glucagon. This review revealed the modulation of endocrine responses varies whether the activity is one of strength, which relates to anaerobic processes, or endurance, which interacts with the cardiovascular system. Therefore, it is recommended that further studies be conducted on this subject so that the practice of physical exercises suits each individual's uniqueness and may contribute to the prevention and treatment of diseases.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Flávio Henrique Souza de Araújo, Raquel Borges de Barros Primo, Mi Ye Marcaida Olimpio, Nathalia Oliveira da Silva, Catherine Alexia Yoshikawa, Lígia Harumi Vilela Bartnick Tanaka, Vinício Guimarães Freitas, Luiz Fernando Benazet de Assunção Pereira, Thais Gimenes Bachega, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich
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