The Competency Based Approach and Biology Students’ Higher Order Thinking Skills in Secondary Technical Schools in The Buea Sub Division of The South West Region of Cameroon.


  • Margaret Nalova Endeley University of Buea
  • Beng Beiketsung Ibi University of Buea



Competency-based, higher order thinking, Biology, Secondary school, Cameroon


This study investigated the extent to which the Competency Based Approach affects higher order thinking skills in Biology in Secondary Technical School Students’ in the Buea subdivision of the South West Region of Cameroon. Three research hypotheses were formulated to test the effect of the competency-based approach on students' ability to analyze, synthesize and predict. The quasi-experimental design was used and 120 Form five students were selected purposively. The experimental group was taught using student-centered methods with remediation (Competency Based Approach) while the control group was taught using the traditional lecture method only. An Achievement Test (AT) with items to measure competences in the fourth, fifth and sixth levels of the Cognitive domain of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, formulated by the researcher and validated by experts in the field of Biology was used to measure Higher Order Thinking Skills. Data were analyzed using mean scores, standard deviation and t-test to test the hypotheses stated at p ≤ 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that the experimental group significantly acquired HOTs more than the control group. Recommendations were made.


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Author Biographies

Margaret Nalova Endeley, University of Buea

Department of Curriculum Studies and Teaching, Faculty of Education

Beng Beiketsung Ibi, University of Buea

Department of Curriculum Studies and Teaching, Faculty of Education


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DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss11.2734

How to Cite

Endeley, M. N., & Ibi, B. B. (2020). The Competency Based Approach and Biology Students’ Higher Order Thinking Skills in Secondary Technical Schools in The Buea Sub Division of The South West Region of Cameroon. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(11), 426–439.
Received 2020-09-30
Accepted 2020-10-18
Published 2020-11-01