Development of Virtual Textile Chemistry Laboratory in Learning Making Cellulose-Based Regeneration Fibers Based on Learning Paradigms in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 Era


  • Winwin Wiana University of Indonesia Education
  • Cucu Ruhidawati University of Indonesia Education



Virtual Laboratory of Textile Chemistry, Learning to Make Cellulose-Based Regeneration Fiber, Industrial Revolution Era 4.0


This study aims to design and create a virtual chemical textile laboratory model as an effort to improve students' understanding of learning Textile Chemistry, especially on the subject of making cellulose-based regenerative textile fibers that have a high level of abstraction and complexity. Theoretical learning in the form of verbal symbols, empirically is not representative enough to explain the concept of the system that is needed, so that the possibility is not affordable (likely to inaccessible) by students which effected to the lessen of learning experiences. These conditions have implications for the lack of student understanding of these processes which is indicated by the acquisition of low learning outcomes. The specific target of this research is to produce a virtual laboratory device as a simulation medium for learning textile chemistry on the subject of making effective cellulose-based regenerative fibers. Furthermore, the model developed is validated to get input from experts related to the technology used, design and process content in the developed model. The validation results show that this model is suitable for use in the study of textile chemistry and can be used to improve students' understanding of the material for making cellulose-based regenerative textile fibers. In the limited trials that have been carried out, there are some features, image choices, and some simulations that need to be refined to avoid students' misinterpretations of the planned chemical process concept. Students involved in the trials are more motivated to continue learning related concepts that have been learned. In subsequent studies this model will be tested on a broader scale to measure its effect on the mastery of concepts and its ability to improve learning outcomes in textile chemistry courses, on the material for making cellulose-based regenerative fibers.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Arsyad, Azhar. 2015. Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada

Biot. J, (2017), We must prepare our students for the fourth industrial revolution (Article), [online], (Download: 2 Pebruari 2018)

Blázquez.J.P, Joancomartí.J.H, Roldán.A.E.G, (2009), A Virtual Laboratory Structure for Developing Programming Labs, iJET – Volume 4, Special Issue 1: "SIIE'2008", March 2009

Bruner, J. 2004. Where M& A Pays and Where It Strays: A Survey of the Research. Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Vol. 16 (4). pp 63-76.doi:10.1111/j.1745-6622.2004. 00007.x

Chen, C., Jones, K. T., & Xu, S,. 2015. The Association Between Students Style of Learning Preferences, Social Presence, Collaborative Learning and Learning Outcome. Journal of Educators (Online). Vol. 15 (1) 2018. JEO2018.15.1.3

Gunawan, Harjono.A, Sahidu.H, (2015), Pengem-bangan Model Laboratorium Virtual Berorien-tasi Pada Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Bagi Calon Guru Fisika, Jurnal Materi dan Pembelajaran Fisika (JMPF) Volume 5 Nomor 2 2015 ISSN : 2089-6158

Leow, F.-T., & Neo, M. 2015. Redesigning for Collaborative Learning Environment: Study on Students’ Perception and Interaction in Web 2.0 Tools. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 176 (2015) pp. 186-193, 10.1016/j.sbspro. 2015.01.460

Levie, W. H. and Lentz, R. 2012, Effects of text illustrations: a review of research. Edu-cational Communication and Technology Journal, 30: 195-232

Liao. Y, Ramos. L. F. P, Saturno. M, Deschamps. F, Loures. E. F. R, Szejka. A. L, (2017), The Role of Interoperability in The Fourth Industrial Revolution Era, IFAC (International Federation of Automatic Control) Hosting by Elsevier Ltd.

Paivio, Allan. 2013. Dual coding theory, word abstractness, and emotion: A critical review of Kousta et al.” Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 142 (1), pp. 282-287. doi:0.1037/a0027004

Rajendran. L, Veilumuthu. R, Divya. J, (2010), A study on the effectiveness of virtual lab in Elearning, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering (IJCSE), Volume 02, No. 06.

Roblek. V, Meško. M, Krapež. A, (2016), A Complex View of Industry 4.0, Journal Sage open Volume 6, No. 2.

Shaikh.T, Chaudhari.S, Varma.A, (2012), Viscose Rayon: A Legendary Development in the Manmade Textile, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), Vol. 2, Issue 5

Sumber Daya Iptek & Dikti, (2018), Era Revolusi Industri 4.0, Saatnya Generasi Millennial Menjadi Dosen Masa Depan, retrieved from: (Download: 20 Januari 2018)

Thai. H. V, Anh. M. A. L. T. K, (2017), The 4.0 Industrial Affecting Higher Education Orga-nization’s Operation in Vietnam, Internatio-nal Journal of Management Technology Volume 4, No. 2

Xing. B, Marwala. T, (2017), Implications of the Fourth Industrial Age on Higher Education, [online], 6a0f78d9845638d0fbc2b14ee863a52d65656a44 (Download: 20 Jan 2018) (Download: 12 Agustus 2018)



DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss11.2713

How to Cite

Wiana, W., & Ruhidawati, C. (2020). Development of Virtual Textile Chemistry Laboratory in Learning Making Cellulose-Based Regeneration Fibers Based on Learning Paradigms in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 Era. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(11), 52–64.
Received 2020-09-22
Accepted 2020-09-30
Published 2020-11-01