Sleep Quality and Metabolic Disturbance in Public School Teachers of a Brazilian Capital

Main Article Content

Anne Caroline Silva e Silva
Alice de Sá Ferreira
Carlos Alberto Alves Dias Filho
Andressa Coelho Ferreira
Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda
Sally Cristina Moutinho Monteiro

Abstract

Introduction: Due to high demand and different work schedules, teachers can develop metabolic and sleep disorders. Objective: The aim of this study, therefore, was to verify the quality of sleep and the metabolic changes of public school teachers during an academic semester. Methodology: Longitudinal study, data collection performed during an academic semester, in a public high school in a capital of northeastern Brazil ( lifestyle and disease history, sleep quality - Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, blood pressure and anthropometric measurements). Blood samples were collected to determine serum glucose and the lipid profile. All variables were collected at the beginning (Step 1) and at the end (Step 2) of the academic semester with the same teachers. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 25.0. Results: The sample consisted of 27 teachers with an average age of 44,7 years. The concentration of fasting blood glucose (92,30 vs 108.85) and total cholesterol (161.00 vs 173.59), were significant (p<0.025 and p<0.001, respectively) when comparing the blood samples at the beginning and end of the school semester. The poor sleep quality and daytime dysfunction showed changes between the values found between the stages of the study, resulting in significant values (p<0.001). Sleep efficiency percentage showed an improvement in the second stage (p<0.004). Conclusion: Through an analysis of the results, it was found that the lipid profile, serum glucose and some sleep variables changed during the academic semester, thus showing the need for care with this category of workers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Caroline Silva e Silva, A. ., de Sá Ferreira , A. ., Alberto Alves Dias Filho, C. ., Coelho Ferreira, A. ., Teixeira Mostarda, C. ., & Cristina Moutinho Monteiro, S. . (2020). Sleep Quality and Metabolic Disturbance in Public School Teachers of a Brazilian Capital. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(10), 504-517. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss10.2707
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Anne Caroline Silva e Silva, Federal University of Maranhão

Master's student at the Adult Health Graduate Program

Alice de Sá Ferreira , Federal University of Maranhão

Graduate student in Pharmacy

Carlos Alberto Alves Dias Filho, Federal University of Maranhão

Doctoral student of the Renorbio Program

Andressa Coelho Ferreira, Federal University of Maranhão

Master's student at the Adult Health Graduate Program

Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda, Federal University of Maranhão

Adult Health Graduate Program

Sally Cristina Moutinho Monteiro, Federal University of Maranhão

Department of Pharmacy

References

ASSUNÇÃO, ADA ÁVILA; ABREU, MERY NATALI SILVA. Pressão laboral, saúde e condições de trabalho dos professores da Educação Básica no Brasil. Cad. Saúde Pública 2019; 35 Sup 1:e00169517.

DO PRADO, RL. Et al. Avaliação da síndrome de Burnout em professores universitários. Revista da ABENO, v. 17, n. 3, p. 21-29, 2017.

MACHADO, VR; BOECHAT, IT.; SANTOS, MFR. Síndrome de burnout: uma reflexão sobre a saúde mental do educador. Revista Transformar, n. 7, p. 257-272, 2015.

COLACION-QUIROS H, GEMORA RB. Causes and effects of stress among faculty members in a state university. APJMR [Internet]. 2016; 4(1):18-27. Available from: http:// www.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/ APJMR-2016.4.1.04.pdf

ARAÚJO, Tânia Maria de et al. Diferenciais de gênero no trabalho docente e repercussões sobre a saúde. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, v. 11, p. 1117-1129, 2006.

VEDOVATO, Tatiana Giovanelli; MONTEIRO, Maria Inês. Perfil sociodemográfico e condições de saúde e trabalho dos professores de nove escolas estaduais paulistas. Rev. esc. enferm. USP, São Paulo, v. 42, n. 2, p. 291-297, June 2008. Available from <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0080-62342008000200012&lng=en&nrm=iso>. Access on 02 Mar. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342008000200012.

KNUDSEN, LORI J DUCHARME, PAUL M ROMAN Soc Sci Med. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2008 May 1. Published in final edited form as: Soc Sci Med. 2007 May; 64(10): 1997–2007. Published online 2007 Mar 23. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.02.020

BENVEGNÚ, L, MAFFESSONI, M., FERNANDES, S. P., RAQUEL C. Associação entre privação do sono e obesidade em trabalhadores. Sci Med. 2016;26(2): ID23218.

HUNG HC, YANG YC, OU HY, WU JS, LU FH, CHANG CJ. The association between self-reported sleep quality and overweight in a Chinese population. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2013; 21:486-92.

ORZEŁ-GRYGLEWSKA, J. Consequences of sleep deprivation. Int. J. Occup. Med. Environ. Health 23, (2010).

ABRAMS, R. M. Sleep Deprivation. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America 42, 493–506 (2015).

CHUNG J. (2017) Suporte social, tensão social, qualidade do sono e características actigráficas do sono: evidências de uma pesquisa nacional de adultos nos EUA. Saúde do Sono 3, 22–7. [ PubMed ] [ Google Acadêmico ]

SATEIA MJ. International classification of sleep disorders-third edition: highlights and modifica¬tions. Chest. 2014; 146(5):1387-94. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1378/chest.14-0970

CORREIA AA, LIMA M, LUCENA ALR DE, SILVA CC da. Identificando fatores de risco para a hipertensão arterial sistêmica em professores da rede pública. Rev enferm UFPE online. Recife, 11(Supl. 1):264-71, jan., 2017.

UNESCO. O perfil dos professores brasileiros: o que fazem, o que pensam, o que almejam. São Paulo: Moderna, 2004.

GROSSI, M. P. Masculinidades: Uma Revisão Teórica, Antropologia em primeira mão. Florianópolis: UFSC, 2004, v. 75. Disponível em: http://minhateca.com.br/ Acesso em 18/03/2015.

ROCHA S V, JEFFERSON P. C, CLARICE A. dos S, HECTOR L. R. M, LÉLIA R. C. V, EDIO L. P. Sobrepeso/obesidade em professores: prevalência e fatores associados. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e desempenho humano. 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10. 5007/1980-0037.2015v17n4p450.

ROCHA et al. Overweight/obesity in teachers: prevalence and associated factors. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum 2015, 17(4):450-459.

CARVALHO, A. S., NAYRA S. S. E S., EMERSON W. S. de A, DESIRÉE SANT’A. H, TATIANA A. de M, MARTA R. M. V, ROSÂNGELA R. V. S. Perfil antropométrico e composição corporal de professores da rede estadual de ensino de Montes Claros-MG. REAS. Revista Eletrônica Acervo Saúde, 2017. Vol. Sup. 7, S392-S399.

SOUSA AR, SANTOS RB, SILVA RM, SANTOS CCT, LOPES VC, MUSSI FC. Estresse ocupacional e qualidade do sono em docentes da área da saúde. Rev Rene. 2018;19:e33088.

ASSUNÇÃO, Ada Ávila; OLIVEIRA, Dalila Andrade. Intensificação do trabalho e saúde dos professores. Educação & Sociedade, v. 30, n. 107, 2009.

AMARO, J M R S., DUMITH, C. S. Sonolência diurna excessiva e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde dos professores universitários. J Brasileira Psiquiatr. 2018;67(2):94-100 DOI: 10.1590/0047-2085000000191.

FREITAS A M C. Aspectos psicossociais do trabalho e qualidade do sono entre docentes de educação superior. Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana. Feira de Santana. 2018.

AKERSTEDT T, FREDLUND P, GILLBERG M, JANSSON B. Work load and work hours in relation to disturbed sleep and fatigue in a large representative sample. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2002;53:585–588.

FAUPEL S, OTTO K, KRUG H, KOTTWITZ MU. (2016) Stress at School? A qualitative study on illegitimate tasks during teacher training. Front Psychol 7, 1410. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

ZAPF D, HOLZ M. (2006) On the positive and negative effects of emotion work in organizations. Eur J Work Organ Psychol 15, 1–28. [Google Scholar]

ALOE AM, AMO LC, SHANAHAN ME. (2014) Classroom management self-efficacy and burnout: A multivariate meta-analysis. Educ Psychol Rev 26, 101–26. [Google Scholar]

ANDROUTSOS O, MOSCHONIS G, MAVROGIANNI C, et al. Identification of lifestyle patterns, including sleep deprivation, associated with insulin resistance in children: the Healthy Growth Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014;68(3):344–349. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

KOREN, MAGDALENA DUMIN, DAVID GOZAL. Role of sleep quality in the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. 2016; 9: 281–310. Published online 2016. Aug25. Doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S95120.

SCHMID SM, HALLSCHMID M, JAUCH-CHARA K, BORN J, SCHULTES B. A single night of sleep deprivation increases ghrelin levels and feelings of hunger in normal-weight healthy men. J Sleep Res. 2008;17(3):331–334. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Chandola T, Ferrie JE, Perski A, Akbaraly T, Marmot MG. The effect of short sleep duration on coronary heart disease risk is greatest among those with sleep disturbance: a prospective study from the Whitehall II cohort. Sleep. 2010; 33(6):739–744.

Ayas NT, White DP, Manson JE, et al. A prospective study of sleep duration and coronary heart disease in women. Arch Intern Med. 2003; 163(2):205–209.

EGUCHI K, PICKERING TG, SCHWARTZ JE, et al. Short sleep duration as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events in Japanese patients with hypertension. Arch Intern Med. 2008; 168(20):2225–2231.

Ford ES. Habitual sleep duration and predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk using the pooled cohort risk equations among US adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014; 3(6):e001454.

Most read articles by the same author(s)