An overview of the research and patenting activities that took place in Brazil during the 2010s

Main Article Content

Vinícius Eduardo Ferrari
Mrs. Maria Eduarda Carvalho de Araújo
Mr. Samuel Carvalho De Benedicto
Mr. Cândido Ferreira Silva Filho

Abstract

A National Innovation System is an interconnected network of public and private institutions that aims at the development and diffusion of new technologies. We use the Derwent Innovations platform to study the patent applications in Brazil between 2010 and 2020, and to identify the main technological areas that have benefited from the research conducted in the country. Our main methodological contribution is to present indicators that measure the technological importance and international scope of Brazilian patents. The results show that private companies rarely resort to intellectual property protection mechanisms and that public universities are responsible for most patent applications. This study concludes that private companies innovate little, and, as a result, academic research tends to act as a substitute for business investments in research and development, especially in software development, pharmaceutical outputs, and scientific instrumentation. On the other hand, Brazilian universities and companies are both being excluded from the global race for the Internet of Things patents that has characterized the fourth industrial revolution.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ferrari, V. E., Carvalho de Araújo , M. E. ., Carvalho De Benedicto , S., & Ferreira Silva Filho, C. . (2020). An overview of the research and patenting activities that took place in Brazil during the 2010s. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(9), 243-253. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss9.2625
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Vinícius Eduardo Ferrari, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (PUC-Campinas)

Center for Economics and Administration, Postgraduate Program in Sustainability

References

Atzori, L., Iera, A., & Morabito, G. (2010). The Internet of Things: A survey. Computer Networks, 54(15), 2787–2805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2010.05.010.

Buainain, A. M.; Souza, R. F., Ferrari, V. E., Vieira, A. C. P., Bueno, C. S., & Sabino, W. (2019). Propriedade intelectual e desenvolvimento no Brasil. 1. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Ideia D; ABPI

Cohen, W. M., Nelson, R. R., & Walsh, J. P. (2002). Links and Impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D. Management Science, 48(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.48.1.1.14273.

Dal Poz, M. E. S. (2006). Redes de inovação em biotecnologia: genômica e direitos de propriedade intelectual. Tese de Doutoramento em Política Científica e Tecnológica - Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

De Benedicto, S. C. (2020). Produção e transferência de (eco)tecnologias em universidades brasileiras. Curitiba: Appris, 2020.

De Negri, F. (2018). Novos caminhos para a inovação no Brasil. Washington, DC: Wilson

Ferrari, V. E., Silveira, J.M.F.J., & Dal-Poz, M. E. S. (2019). Patent network analysis in agriculture: A case study of the development and protection of biotechnologies. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2019.1684645

Ferrari, V. E., & Pacheco, M. N. (2020). Propriedade intelectual e inovações tecnológicas na indústria de sementes: Discussões sobre os conflitos judiciais entre a Monsanto e os agricultores brasileiros. Revista de Estudos Sociais, 21(43), 89–103. https://doi.org/10.19093/res9024. [3]

Freeman, C (1995). The ‘National System of Innovation’ in historical perspective. Cambridge Journal of Economics, v. 19, n. 1, p. 5–24.

Freeman, C., & Soete, L. (1997). The Economics of Industrial Innovation. MIT Press.

Garcia, R., Araújo, V., Mascarini, S., Santos, E. G., & Costa, A. R. (2020). How long-term university-industry collaboration shapes the academic productivity of research groups. Innovation, 22(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.1080/14479338.2019.1632711.

Hall, B. H., Jaffe, A. B., & Trajtenberg, M. (2001). The NBER Patent Citation Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools (Working Paper No. 8498). https://doi.org/10.3386/w8498.

Harhoff, D., Scherer, F. M., & Vopel, K. (2003). Citations, family size, opposition and the value of patent rights. Research Policy, 32(8), 1343–1363. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(02)00124-5.

Nelson, R. R. (1993). National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford University Press.

Patel, P., & Pavitt, K. (1994). Uneven (and Divergent) Technological Accumulation among Advanced Countries: Evidence and a Framework of Explanation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 3(3), 759–787. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/3.3.759.

Schacht, H. (1999). Setenta e seis anos de minha vida. Editora 34.

Suzigan, W., Garcia, R., & Feitosa, P. H. A. (2020). Institutions and industrial policy in Brazil after two decades: Have we built the needed institutions? Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 0(0), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2020.1719629.

Trajtenberg, M. (1990). A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of Innovations. The RAND Journal of Economics, 21(1), 172–187. https://doi.org/10.2307/2555502