The practice of social security in black Africa; a shadow of the real concept: The Cameroonian transcript

Main Article Content

Agbor Charles Nda

Abstract

Social security is a corner stone for the socio-economic and even political development of many countries in the world today. Developed countries like Germany, Britain and many western countries have developed and made use of theories propounded by founders of the concept of social security like Otto von Bismarck and Lord Beveridge to develop their societies. But the unfortunate thing is that all along their stay in Africa, these colonial powers did not border to institute and impregnate Africans with the concept, thus, living Africans completely ignorant of the concept of social security. Studies have proven that the application of this concept in Africa, especially south of the Sahara is still a nightmare. Africans are unable to put into place a veritable social security scheme, yet most of them aspire to emerge by 2035. With the example of Cameroon, the causes of this failure are attributed to the colonial masters and poor governance in post-colonial Africa. As a remedy to this situation, results of this research demand that African governments must show prove of good governance and elaborate an inclusive social protection scheme. Besides, specialize United Nations agencies like the International Labour organization (ILO) and the Human Rights Commission must stand by these countries with their technical knowhow to help develop a meaningful social protection scheme in Africa. As an alert to those countries warming up for emergence, it is an illusion if the welfare of these people is not put at the center of every development action.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nda, A. C. . (2020). The practice of social security in black Africa; a shadow of the real concept: The Cameroonian transcript. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(10), 17-40. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss10.2607
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Agbor Charles Nda, University of Bamenda-Cameroon

History of International Relations, Holder of a diploma in the administration of Social security and human resources from IRESS-Yaounde. Lecturer and social science researcher

References

Agbor Charles Nda, “The practice of social security in British Southern/west Cameroon(s) 1939 -1972”, Thesis submitted for the award of a Doctorate/Ph.D in History, University of Dschang, February 2019.

Agbor Charles Nda, The ignorance of the nation of social security in Cameroonian establishments: the case of MIPROMALO-Yaounde, A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a professional diploma in social security, IRESSS-Yaounde, April 2011.

Ahidjo Ahmadou, Contribution à la construction nationale, Paris V, Présence Africaine, 1964.

Aloangamo Aka Emmanuel, The British Southern Cameroons, 1922-1961; A study in colonialism and underdevelopment, Plattevillee-Madison, Nkemji Global Tech. 2002.

Annual report of the C.D.C. for the year 1948.

Annual report of the C.D.C. for the year 1952.

Annual report of the C.D.C., for the year 1960.

Annual report of the Cameroons under the United Kingdom administration for the year 1959.

Annual report on the Cameroons under the United Kingdom Trusteeship for the year 1953.

Biya Paul, Extrait du discours d’ouverture du 3e Congrès ordinaire du RDPC le 15 Septembre 2011, Une publication du Ministère de l’Economie, de la Planification et de l’Aménagement du territoire, Le projet de construction du port en eau profonde de Kribi”, 2012.

BNA, Sc/1939/1: Provident Fund Ordinance of government servants

BNA, Sc/1942/1, Government Servants’ Provident Fund, circular No. 250/229, Buea, April, 1942.

CNPS, Guide to social insurance, Abidjan, L’agence Internationale, 1971.

CNPS, Recueil des textes de base de la Caisse Nationale de prévoyance sociale, 1979.

Epee Kotto Mouyema Honoree Denise, La gestion d’un organisme de sécurité sociale, les cahiers du manager, Yaoundé, Imprimerie Nationale, 2011.

Ikomey Greg, “Introduction to social security”, First year course in L’institut Régional d’Etudes Supérieures de Sécurité Sociale (IRESSS), Yaounde, 2010.

International Labour Conference, Convention No. 102, concerning minimum standards of social security, 1952.

International Labour Organization, Governance of social security systems: a guide for Board members in Africa, Turin-Italy, International Training Center, 2010.

Mekulu Mvondo Akame Noel Alain Olivier, “Le Journal de Promote”, Crtv, Friday, 17 February 2017.

Meye Joseph Blaise, “Conférence publique a l’occasion de la sortie des promotions de l’Institut Régional d’Etudes Supérieures en Sécurité Sociale (IRESSS) – Yaoundé”, Yaounde, 24thAugust, 2011

Ministère du travail et de la sécurité sociale, Document de synthèse de la stratégie de développent de sous-secteur travail et sécurité sociale,

MINTRAVAIL, Recueil des textes relatifs à la santé et sécurité au travail, MINTSS/SG/DSST/SDSAT/SNMT, March, 1962.

Mouthieu Monique Aimée, Colloque sur “La protection des populations contre les risques sociaux en Afrique Sub-saharienne”, salle des Actes, Université de Yaoundé II Soa, 13 et 14 Janvier, 2016.

Mutaze Louis Paul, Professional risks prevention guide, 7th African day for prevention of employment injury, April 30th, 2010.

Ndi Anthony, Southern West Cameroon revisited 1950-1972: Unveiling inescapable traps, A tale of international conspiracies and treachery, vol. one. Bamenda, Paul’s press, 2013.

Ndjala Voundi Albert, “Connaissance de L’entreprise et bases de la prévention des risques professionnels”, Course de perfectionnement des cardes en sécurité et santé au travail, IRESSS, Yaounde, 2010.

Ngoh Victor Julius, History of Cameroon since 1800, Press book, Limbe, 1996.

Ngoh Victor Julius, The world since 1919, A short history, Pioneer publisher, Yaounde, 1989.

Ngongo Louis, Histoire des institutions et des faits sociaux du Cameroun 1884-1945, Tome 1, Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1987.

Official gazette of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, 7th year, No. 4 (supplementary), 15th September, 1967.

Official gazette of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, September 1st, 1967, (supplementary).

Official gazette of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, September 5th, 1967, (supplementary).

Ottou Pius, “Conférence publique a l’occasion de la sortie des promotions de l’Institut Régional d’Etudes Supérieures en Sécurité Sociale (IRESSS) – Yaoundé”, Yaounde, 24thAugust, 2011.

Pougoue Paul-Gérard, Droit du travail et de la prévoyance sociale au Cameroun, tome 1, Yaoundé, Presses Universitaires du Cameroun, 2000.

Teku Ngunewou Michel Berenger, “La sécurité sociale au Cameroun (1945-1990): Tendances enjeux et perspectives” Mémoire de Master en en Histoire, Université de Dschang, 2008.

United Nations Organization, Basic facts about the United Nations, United Nations department of public information, New York, 1995.

United Nations Organization, Basic facts about the United Nations, New York, United Nations Department of public information, 1995.

United Nations Organization, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, New York, United Nations department of public information, November 1988.

Ziemine Elise, “271 entreprises sans délégué du personnel”, Cameroun tribune No. 10130/6331-38 of Friday, 6th July, 2012.