Nitrogen in Shoots, Number of Tillers, Biomass Yield and Nutritive Value of Zuri Guinea Grass Inoculated with Plant-Growth Promoting Bacteria

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Cecilio Viega Soares Filho
Caroline Lopes Monteiro de Carvalho
Mariangela Hungria
Marco Antônio Nogueira
Adônis Moreira
Amário Nuno Meireles Duarte

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) strains of Azospirillum brasilense, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Rhizobium tropici on biomass yield, number of tillers, nitrogen accumulation and nutritive value of shoots of Megathyrsus (syn. Panicum) maximus cultivar BRS Zuri (Zuri Guinea grass). For that, one experiment was performed for 14 months to evaluate inoculation and re-inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense strains Ab-V5 and Ab-V6, Pseudomonas fluorescens strain CCTB 03 and of co-inoculation with Rhizobium tropici strain CIAT 899 + A. brasilense strain Ab-V6 combined with N-fertilizer (100 kg of N ha-1). Shoot dry weight yield (SDWY), number of tillers (NT), total N concentration (TNC), total N uptake (TNU) and nutritive value of Zuri Guinea grass was evaluated for eight cuts, and inoculation increased all parameters. In the NT, the treatments inoculated with PGPB were superior to the positive non-inoculated control receiving N-fertilizer, by up to 36%. For the accumulated of SDWY the treatment re-inoculated with P. fluorescens CCTB 03 after each cut was statistically superior tin 7% the positive control. The PGPB when combined N-fertilizer also increased SDWY, NT, the relative chlorophyll index, TNC, total N uptake, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, crude protein and in vitro digestibility dry matter of Zuri Guinea grass. The results indicate that PGPB can represent a sustainable alternative for reducing the use of N-fertilizers. The lower effects of re-inoculation with PGPB on the nutrition or yield of Zuri Guinea grass, demonstrating that the determination of the method of application and periodicity of inoculation still require investigation.

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Soares Filho, C. V., Carvalho, C. L. M. de ., Hungria, M., Nogueira, M. A., Moreira, A., & Duarte, A. N. M. . (2020). Nitrogen in Shoots, Number of Tillers, Biomass Yield and Nutritive Value of Zuri Guinea Grass Inoculated with Plant-Growth Promoting Bacteria. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(5), 437-463. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss5.2360
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