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This article presents the intelligent multifunctional protection (IR) relay for systems based on synchronous generators using a paraconsistent neural network. This network woks with degrees of favorable, unfavorable evidence, sensitivity and time. The IR includes islanding, fault detection, fault type recognition and selective fault blocking. The proposed multi-function APL4v IR was tested in a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) environment. The results show that the proposed IR is superior to the traditional islanding recognition methods regarding reliability, safety and detection time.
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