The Synchronous Distributed Generation Islanding Protection using Paraconsistent Relay

Main Article Content

Viviane Barrozo da Silva
Antonio Carlos Duarte Ricciotti
Adailton Braga Júnior


This article presents the intelligent multifunctional protection (IR) relay for systems based on synchronous generators using a paraconsistent neural network. This network woks with degrees of favorable, unfavorable evidence, sensitivity and time. The IR includes islanding, fault detection, fault type recognition and selective fault blocking. The proposed multi-function APL4v IR was tested in a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) environment. The results show that the proposed IR is superior to the traditional islanding recognition methods regarding reliability, safety and detection time.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Barrozo da Silva, V., Duarte Ricciotti, A. C., & Júnior, A. B. (2020). The Synchronous Distributed Generation Islanding Protection using Paraconsistent Relay. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(5), 427-436.


KHAMIS, A.; SHAREEF, H.; BIZKEVELCI, E. and KHATIB, T. “A Review of islanding Detection Techniques for Renewable Distributed Generation Systems”, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 28, pp. 483–493, 2013.

REIGOSA, D. et al. “Active Islanding Detection Using High-Frequency Signal Injection”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1588–1597, 2012.

LAGHARI, J. et al. “Computacional Intelligence based techniques for islanding detection of distributed network: A review”, Energy conversion and Management, Elsevier, v. 88. P. 139 – 152, 2014.

MENON, V.; NEHRIR, M. H. “A hybrid islanding detection technique using voltage unbalance and frequency set point”. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, [S.l.], v.22, n.1, p.442–448, 2007.67.

KAR, S. and SAMANTARAY, S. R. "Data-mining-based intelligent anti-islanding protection relay for distributed generations," in IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 629-639, April 2014. doi: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2013.0494.