Epidemiological profile of donors and recipients of human milk in a reference milk bank
Keywords:Breastfeeding, Milk banks, Epidemiology, Lactation
OBJECTIVE. To describe the epidemiological profile of donors and recipients of a Human Milk Bank at a referral hospital in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul.
METHODS. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with retrospective data from the Milk Banks Network system and secondary data from medical records of a tertiary public hospital, between January and December 2017. Descriptive statistics was performed using the Statistic Package for Social Sciences (SPSS®), version 25.0.
RESULTS. In 2017, 383 human milk donors were registered, totaling a volume of approximately 614 liters of donated milk. Of this total, 88.51% donors lived in the city of Campo Grande, state capital; 56.40% reported no paid activity; the mean age was 27.45 years; and 79.63% had prenatal care in the public network. Of the 149 recipients, 71.1% (n = 106) were premature with a median gestational age of 34.00 weeks (minimum 21.00 and maximum 42.00); and birth weight with a median of 2225.00 (minimum 660.00 and maximum 5230.00). Also, 61.1% (n = 91) of the recipients weighed less than 2,500 grams and were distributed in: extremely low weight 0.7% (n = 1); very low weight 11.4% (n = 17); low weight 49.0% (n = 73); and normal weight 38.9% (n = 58).
CONCLUSION: The donors are young women who had support from the Unified Health System for the prenatal assistance. Among human milk recipients, 61.1% are premature babies weighing less than 2,500 grams.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Delia Esmeyre Paredes, Maria Lúcia Ivo, Sandra Lucia Arantes, Rosangela dos Santos Ferreira, Carmen Silvia Martimbianco de Figueiredo, Elen Villegas Campos, Andréia Insabralde de Queiroz Cardoso, Marcus Vinicius Ivo da Silva, Elisabete Kamiya, Aniandra Karol Gonçalves Sgarbi, Abilio Torres Dos Santos Neto
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