The Rationing of Psychological Immunity Scale on a Sample of Visually Impaired Adolescents

Rationing of Psychological Immunity Scale on a Sample of Visually Impaired Adolescents


  • Nesma Lotfy Shapan Minia University-Egypt
  • Asmaa Fathy Ahmed Minia University-Egypt



Psychological Immunity, Rationing, Visually Impaired Adolescents


The present study aimed at rationing the psychological immunity scale Prepared by the researcher. The study population is represented in visually impaired adolescents Minia Governorate. The study sample consisted of (40)  visually impaired adolescents at El – Nour school for visually impaired students in Minia, which amounted to (40) students of (20 M), (20 F), with an average age (16.5 years) and SD (.506). The research adopted the descriptive-analytical method. The researcher utilized the psychological immunity scale designed by the researcher. The data was processed and analyzed according to the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The results of the study asserted that the scale of psychological immunity is applicable for the age (15-18). The psychological immunity scale has got high psychometric characteristics (reliability& validity) and this assured that the scale is suitable for application with visually impaired adolescents.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Nesma Lotfy Shapan, Minia University-Egypt

Ph.D. Researcher, Department of Mental Health

Faculty of Education

Asmaa Fathy Ahmed , Minia University-Egypt

Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Health

Faculty of Education


Bhardwaj, A. K. (2016). Mental-Immunity (A Psychological Layer of Protection against Mental Illness) in Male Adolescents Following 8-Weeks of Pragyayog Sadhana: A Randomized Controlled Study. Indian Journal of Ancient Medicine and Yoga, 9(2), 43-50
Elsherif, A. (2015). The Effectiveness of counseling program to support psychological immune system, according to personality characteristics Self-determined, to reduce the feeling of alienation among students in Palestinian universities. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Education, Mansoura University.
Albert-Lőrincz, E., Albert-Lőrincz, M., Kádár, A., Krizbai, T., & Lukács-Márton, R. (2011). Relationship between the Characteristics of the Psychological Immune System and the Emotional Tone of Personality in Adolescents. The New Education Review, Vol.23, No. 1,103 - 115.
American Psychological Association (2015). APA Dictionary of psychology. 2nd ed. Washington, DC
Bhardwaj, A. K. (2012). A study of the effect of Pragyayoga Sadhana on adolescents’ psycho-immunity. Unpublished Ph. D. thesis, Department of Clinical Psychology, Dev Sanskriti University, Haridwar.
Bhuvaneswari, M., Selvaraj, C. I., Selvaraj, B., & Srinivasan, T. (2016). Assessment of psychological and psycho-physiological problems among visually impaired adolescents. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, 10(1)
Matsumoto,D. (2015). The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology. 1st edition . Cambridge University Press
Dubey, A., & Shahi, D. (2011). Psychological immunity and coping strategies: A study on medical professionals. Indian Journal of Social Science Researches, 8(1-2), 36-47.
Zidan, E. (2013). The psychological immunity, Its' definitions, dimensions. Journal of faculty of Education, Tanta University, 8(51), 811-822.
Gombor, A. (2009). Burnout in Hungarian and Swedish Emergency Nurses: Demographic Variables, Work-Related Factors, Social Support, Personality, and Life Satisfaction as Determinants of Burnout. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Eötvös Lorand Hungary, Budapest.
Oláh, A. (2000, April). Health protective and health-promoting resources in personality: A framework for the measurement of the psychological immune system. In Positive Psychology Meeting, Quality of Life Research Center, Claremont Graduate University, April 2000.
Oláh, A. (2002, October). Positive traits: Flow and psychological immunity. In First International Positive Conference, Washington, DC.
Oláh, A.. (2005). Anxiety, Coping, and Flow: Empirical studies in interactional perspective. Trefort.
Oláh, A., Nagy, H., & Tóth, K., (2010). Life expectancy and psychological immune competence in different cultures. ETC – Empirical Text and Culture Research, 4, 102-108.
Khudaier,O& Hussein,K. (2016). Rationing the Scale of Psychological Immunity for Advanced Athletes. Journal of physical science.Faculty of Physical Education. Daialy University, 10(1).
Rachman, S. J. (2016). Invited essay: Cognitive influences on the psychological immune system. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 53, 2-8.



DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss3.2236

How to Cite

Shapan, N. L. ., & Ahmed , A. F. . (2020). The Rationing of Psychological Immunity Scale on a Sample of Visually Impaired Adolescents : Rationing of Psychological Immunity Scale on a Sample of Visually Impaired Adolescents . International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(3), 345–356.
Received 2020-02-17
Published 2020-03-01

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.