WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER CARE AT THE PUBLIC HOSPITAL OF MACAPÁ - AMAPÁ: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL ASPECTS

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss3.2209

Keywords:

Cancer, Breast, Epidemiological aspects, Clinical features, Malignant Breast Neoplasia

Abstract

Breast cancer is a disease of widespread epidemiology worldwide and is considered a serious public health problem. Although it is well established that early diagnosis and appropriate treatment interfere with mortality rates and cancer prevalence, few data are available on the descriptive epidemiology of breast cancer in Brazil and in the state of Amapá. The general objective of this dissertation work was to study the epidemiological and clinical aspects of breast cancer patients treated at the Dr. Alberto Lima Clinical Hospital (HCAL), from January 2012 to December 2017 in the city of Macapá, Amapá. Breast cancer cases were reviewed, with analysis of 194 medical records, and the following variables were studied: Annual frequency of breast tumor, age, education level, origin, location of breast lesion, histological type of cancer, age at first childbirth, Menarche and Menopause, breastfeeding time, alcohol intake, smoking, family history of breast cancer in first-degree relatives, clinical staging of the disease, immunohistochemical panel, type of surgical treatment, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, Hormone Therapy and Target Therapy " It was noted that the year 2017 had the highest number of diagnosed cases, the age group between 41-50 years was the most affected, women with low education (Elementary Level) and coming from the capital of Amapá. In these women, the most frequent characteristics were: Age at first birth between 13-20 years, Menarche between 10-13 years, Menopause 41-50 years with significant number of patients in Menácme (out of menopause), Breastfeeding time between 02 -22 and 23-42 months, both intervals with the same number of records; Most of them did not drink alcohol, were not smokers, and had no family history of first-degree relatives of breast cancer. In the studied cases, the most common localization of the breast lesion was the Lateral Upper Quadrant, the most diagnosed histological type was Invasive Ductal Carcinoma, with clinical stage IIA, Luminal A molecular subtype, Radiotherapy and Hormomyotherapy were performed most of the time, but Target Therapy was not prevalent.

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Published

2020-03-01
CITATION
DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss3.2209

How to Cite

Pacheco de Sousa, E. D., & da Silva Souza, G. . (2020). WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER CARE AT THE PUBLIC HOSPITAL OF MACAPÁ - AMAPÁ: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL ASPECTS. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 8(3), 106–116. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol8.iss3.2209
Received 2020-02-02
Published 2020-03-01

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