Pedagogic Discourse

A Review of the HIV and AIDS Secondary Schools Curriculum in Kenya

Authors

  • James Kimeli Sang Moi University, Kenya
  • Dr. Joseph Lelan Moi University, Kenya
  • Susan Jelagat Korir Moi University, Kenya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol2.iss7.206

Abstract

HIV and AIDS is an epidemic that has remained a serious health concern across the globe for more than a quarter of a century since it was first diagnosed in 1981. This is in spite of a myriad of health education and prevention programs that have been developed and are in use. Current studies in Kenya concur that information on HIV and AIDS prevention is readily available. Focus is now on quality and policies that guide implementation of prevention education programs. This paper therefore attempts to give a detailed analysis of the HIV and AIDS curriculum that is used in Secondary Schools in Kenya. This is achieved by using Basil Bernstein’s model of Pedagogic discourse. This model entails a set of concepts and criteria which are invaluable in studying the curriculum. The classroom texts and class readers are critically analyzed using this model so as to illuminate on this curriculum.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

James Kimeli Sang, Moi University, Kenya

Lecturer, School of Education

Dr. Joseph Lelan, Moi University, Kenya

Lecturer, School of Education

Susan Jelagat Korir, Moi University, Kenya

ICT Trainer, ICT Directorate

References

Bernstein, B, on the classification and framing of educational knowledge. In M. Young (ed.) Knowledge and control.

New directions for the sociology of education. London: Collier and Macmillan, 1971, pp. 47-69.

Bernstein, B, Class and pedagogies: visible and invisible, in Class, Codes and Control 3: 116–56, London:

Routledge; revised in the second edition, 1977.

Bernstein, B, Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity. Theory, research, critique London: Taylor and Francis,

Bernstein, B, Pedagogy, symbolic control and identity: Theory, research, critique, Rev. ed. Lanham, Maryland:

Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

Bundy, D. A. P, Education and HIV/AIDS: A Window of Hope, Washington, DC, the World Bank, 2002.

CfBT, An Analysis of HIV/AIDS Policy Formulation & Implementation Structures, Mechanisms & Processes In The

Education Sector In Kenya. Nairobi: CfBT, 2006.

Duflo, E., Dupas, P., Kremer, M., Sharma, V, HIV/AIDS and Education in Western Kenya: A Biomarker Follow-up

IPA, 2007.

Gachuhi, D, The Impact Of HIV/AIDS on Education Systems in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region and the

Response of Education Systems to Hiv/Aids: Life Skills Programmes. UNICEF, 1999.

Gichaga, S.N., Kerre. R.M., Mwaura, P.N., Mambo,J.M.,and Kioko, J.M, Secondary Christian Religious Education,

Students Book Four. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 2010.

GoK, The Kenya Education Commission (Ominde Report) Nairobi: Government printers of Kenya, 1964.

GoK, African Socialism and its Application to Planning in Kenya. Nairobi: Government printers of Kenya, 1965.

GoK, AIDS in Kenya. Nairobi: Government of Kenya, 2001.

GoK, Kenya vision 2030 Nairobi: Government printers of Kenya, 2009.

GoK, Education Sector Policy on HIV and AIDS Nairobi: Government of Kenya, Second edition, 2013,b.

GoK, Kenya Aids Indicator Survey 2012 Nairobi: Government of Kenya, 2013,a.

Hoppe, M .J., Graham, L., Wilsdon, A., Wells, E. A, Nahom. D., and Morrison, D, Teens Speak Out About

HIV/AIDS: Focus Group Discussions about Risk and Decision-Making. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2004,

pp.35:345.e27.

Iriyama, S., Nakahara,S., Jimba, M., Ichikawa, M., and Wakai, S. (2007). AIDS Health Beliefs and Intention for

Sexual Abstinence among Male Adolescent Students in Kathmandu, Nepal: A Test of Perceived Severity and

Susceptibility. The Royal Institute of Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Public Health, 2007, 121, pp. 64–72.

Kelly, M.J, What HIV/AIDS can do to Education, and What Education can do to HIV/AIDS. Sub-Saharan Africa

Education for All Conference. http://sedosmission.org/old/eng/kelly_1.htm, 2000. ( last accessed, 01/07/2013).

KIE, Social Education and Ethics, Form 1 and 2 Teachers guide. Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau, 1997.

K.I.E, AIDS Education Syllabus for Schools and Colleges. Nairobi, Government of Kenya Printers, 1999.

K.I.E, Secondary Education Syllabus, Vol.3. Nairobi, Government of Kenya Printers, 2002,a.

K.I.E, Primary Education Syllabus, Vol.2. Nairobi, Government of Kenya Printers, 2002,b.

Maton, K. & Muller, J, A sociology for the transmission of knowledges, in Christie, F. & Martin, J. (Eds) Language,

Knowledge and Pedagogy: Functional Linguistic and Sociological Perspectives, pp. 14-33, London: Continuum,

Mbiti, J.S, Introduction to African Religion Nairobi: Heinemann,1975.

Nabwire, V.K, The Survey of the Availability and Utilization of the non-Projected Media Resources for the Teaching

of Geography in Secondary Schools in Uasin Gishu District of Kenya.(Unpublished M.Phil Thesis, Moi University,

Kenya),1998.

Ongunya, R.O., Indoshi, F.C., Agak, J.O, Objectives and actual HIV and AIDS education programme delivery and

behavioral changes among Kenyan secondary school students. Educational Research and Review Vol. 4 (4) April,

, pp. 173-182.

Onyango, M. O, Exploring the Preparation of Teachers to Teach about HIV AIDS in Kenya. Educate Special Issue,

, pp. 37-47.

Solomon, J. & Tsatsaroni, A, Educational evaluation: The social production of texts and practices. In A. Morais, I.

Neves, B. Davies & H. Daniels (eds.) Towards a sociology of pedagogy. The contribution of Basil Bernstein to

research. New York: Peter Lang, 2001, pp. 287-315.

The Body website UN Cautions against Kenyan Study that halves HIV estimates

www.thebody.com/content/art26857.html (last accessed on 04/10/2013)

UNAIDS, The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS. 2008. Report on the global AIDS epidemic: executive

summary. Geneva: UNAIDS, 2008.

UNDP, The AIDS and MDGs Approach: What is it, why does it matter, and how do we take it forward?

www.undp.org, 2011. (Last accessed on 22/02/2011).

Villarruel, A.M., Jommolt, L.S., Howard, M., Taylor, L. and Bush, E, Practice what we preach? HIV knowledge,

beliefs and behaviors of adolescents, and adolescent peer educators. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS

Care 9(5): 1998, pp, 61-72.

World Health Organisation (WHO) (2008). Kenya, 2008 Update. Geneva: UNAIDS/WHO.

http://www.aidsportal.org/store/844.pdf, 2008. (Last accessed 12/04/2014).

World Health Organisation (WHO) (2009) Children and AIDS Fourth Stocktaking Report, 2009

http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/paediatric/cafst_2009_en.pdf?ua=1. (Last accessed 05/07/2013).

Downloads

Published

2014-07-31
CITATION
DOI: 10.31686/ijier.vol2.iss7.206

How to Cite

Sang, J. K., Lelan, D. J., & Korir, S. J. (2014). Pedagogic Discourse: A Review of the HIV and AIDS Secondary Schools Curriculum in Kenya. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 2(7), 37–46. https://doi.org/10.31686/ijier.vol2.iss7.206
Received 2017-01-25
Published 2014-07-31