Physical and Engineering Properties of Some Selected Jordanian Basalt

Main Article Content

Salah A. Taqieddin Hatim M. Humidi

Abstract

This study is oriented towards studying the physical and engineering properties of some selected basalt rocks in the northern parts of Jordan. For that purpose, about 150 rock core specimens were extracted from five different locations in northern Jordan. These locations are identified as: Irbid, Ramtha, Al-Mafraq, Um-Qais, and Al-Azraq area. Several experimental tests were conducted on these specimens. The results were analyzed, compared, and classified according to several internationally known classification systems. Based on previous work by others and the extensive investigation made in this study several conclusions, recommendations and practical applications are drawn and are presented in this work.

Article Details

How to Cite
TAQIEDDIN, Salah A.; HUMIDI, Hatim M.. Physical and Engineering Properties of Some Selected Jordanian Basalt. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 5, p. 16-45, june 2017. ISSN 2411-2933. Available at: <http://ijier.net/index.php/ijier/article/view/649>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2017.
Section
Articles

References

[1] Saffarini, G.; Nassir, S.; and Abed, A., 1985, A contribution to the petrology and geochemistry of the quaternary–neogene basalts of central Jordan: Dirasat, Vol. 12, No. 7, pp. 133 – 144.
[2] Bender, F. K., 1974, Geology of Jordan: Gebrueder Borntraeger, Berlin, Germany.
[3] Tarawaneh, K.; El-Hamed, S.; Abdel Hadi, N.; and Rabba, I., 2001, Evaluation of the geological and engineering properties of basalt of northeast Jordan for construction uses (Case Study) Jordan Engineering Association, Amman, Jordan.
[4] Ibrahim, K., 1974, The Geology of Al-Azraq., Map sheet No. 3353, The National Resources Authority (NRA), Amman, Jordan.
[5] Tarrad, M.; Al-Omari, O.; and Mohammed, A., 2012, Natural stone in Jordan: characteristics and specifications and its importance in interior architecture: Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 6, pp. 720 – 727.
[6] Ibrahim, A.; Faisal, S.; and Jamil, N., 2009, Use of basalt in asphalt concrete mixes: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 498 – 506.
[7] Rosenbaum, M. and Skene, G., 1995, Airfield pavement construction using basalt aggregate: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 71 – 79.
[8] Maiah, H., and Al- Khateeb G., 2005, Effect of Basalt on superpave aggregate properties. Jordan Engineering Association, Amman, Jordan.
[9] Kishore, I.S.; Mounika, L.; Prasad, C.M.; and Krishna, B.H., 2015, Experimental study on the use of basalt aggregate in concrete mixes: International Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 39 – 42.
[10] Al-Baijat, H., 2008, The use of basalt aggregates in concrete mixes in Jordan: Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 63 – 70.
[11] Taqieddin, S.; Al-Homuod, A.; and Al- Zoubi, M., 1995, Physical and engineering properties of some selected limestone rocks in northern Jordan: Mutah Journal for Research and Studies, Natural and Applied Science Series, Vol. 10, No. 3.
[12] Taqieddin, S.; Al-Homoud, A.; and Ababneh, J., 1998, Physical and engineering properties of oil-shale from el-lajjun Jordan: Environmental and Engineering Geoscience, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 241 – 260.
[13] Atkinson, R.H.; Bamford, W.E.; Broch, E.; Deere, D.U.; Franklin, J.A.; Nieble, C.; Rummel, F.; Tarkoy, R.J.; and Van Duyse, 1978, Suggested methods for determining hardness and abrasiveness of rocks: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 89 – 97.
[14] Rummel, F. and Vanheerden, W., 1978, Suggested methods for determining sound velocity: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 53 – 58.
[15] Bieniawski, Z.T. and Bernede, M.J., 1979, Suggested methods for determining the uniaxial compressive strength for deformability of rock materials: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 138 - 140.
[16] Franklin, J.A., 1979, Suggested methods for determining water content, porosity, density, absorption and related properties and swelling and slake-durability index properties: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 143 – 151.
[17] American Society For Testing and Materials (ASTM), various years, Designation D4543-85, D3148-86, C127, C128, C20-73, C29-78, C70-79, C131, and 533-69,C128, D2845-69. Annual Book of ASTM standard : American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
[18] Brown, E. T., 1981, ISRM Suggested Methods - Rock Characterization Testing and Monitoring: Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, U.K.
[19] Al-Zoubi, M.M., 1993, Evaluation of the Physical and Engineering Properties of Some Selected Northern Limestone Rocks in Jordan: M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
[20] Obert, L., and Duvall, W.I., 2013, Rock Mechanics and the Design of Structures in Rocks: Wiley, New York.
[21] Brady, B.H., and Brown E.,T., 1985, Rock Mechanics for Underground Mining: George Allen and Unwin Publishers Ltd., London, U.K.
[22] Touloukian, Y.S., Judd, W.R., and Roy, R.F., 1981, Physical Properties of Rocks and Minerals: McGraw–Hill, New York.
[23] Matula, M., 1981 Rock and soil description and classification for engineering geological mapping report by the IAEG commission on Engineering Geological Mapping: Bulletin International Association of Engeering Geology, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 235 – 274.
[24] Aufmuth, R.E., 1974, Site engineering indexing of rocks: Field Testing and Instrumentation of Rock, American Society of Testing & Material, Special Technical Publication, pp. 81 - 99.
[25] Irfan, T.Y. and Dearman, W.R., 1978, Engineering classification and index properties of a weathered granite: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 79 – 90.
[26] Goodman, R.E., 1980, Introduction to Rock Mechanics: Wiley, New York.
[27] Lama, R.D. and Vutukuri, V.S., 1978, Handbook on Mechanical Properties of Rocks-Testing Techniques and Results: Trans Tech Publications.
[28] Johnson, R. and Degraff, J., 1988, Principles of Engineering Geology: Wiley, New York.
[29] Price, N.J., 1960, The compressive strength of coal measure rocks: Colliery Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 437, pp. 283 – 292.
[30] Kowalski, W.C, 1966, The independence between the strength and void ratio of limestones and marl in connection with their water saturation and anisotropy: In proceeding of the first International Congress on Rock Mechanics, pp. 143 – 144, Lisbon, Portugal.
[31] Smorodinov, M.I.; Motovilov, E.A.; and Volkov, V.A., 1970, Determinations of correlation relationships between strength and some physical characteristics of rocks. In proceedings of the 2nd Congress of the International Society of Rock Mechanics, Belgrade, Vol. 2, pp. 35 – 37.
[32] Turk, N. and Dearman, W.R., 1986, Influence of water on engineering properties of weathered rocks: Geological Society, London, Engineering Geology Special Publications, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 131 – 138.
[33] Steiger, R.P. and Leung, P.K., 1990, Predictions of wellbore stability in shale formations at great depth: In Maury, V. and Fourmaintraux, D. (Editors), Rock at Great Depth, Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 1209 – 1218.
[34] Deere, D.U.; and Miller, R.P., 1966, Engineering classification and index properties for intact rock: Technical report no. AFNL-TR-65-116, Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Albuquerque NM.
[35] Jumikis, A. R., 1983, Rock Mechanics: Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, TX.