Main Article Content
The article identifies how Research and Development (R&D) collaborations in startups can influence digital innovation in Brazilian manufactures. A qualitative multiple case study was performed with startups incubated at the Federation of Industries of Paraná (FIEP), through semi-structured interviews to the Chief Executive Officer (CEOs) and case document’s, applying the content analysis. The results indicate that the sources of knowledge of the startups and the collaboration with companies, universities, government development agencies and incubators, characterize the actions in the ecosystem of open innovation. It has been found that the complexity of the innovation ecosystem of startups is a strategic asset, and the nature of the collaborations is informal, coupled with a stage of maturity considered low in startups. This study contributes to highlight the nature, dynamics and progress of startup collaborations in the development of digital transformation, and the challenges for the leverage of Industry 4.0 in Brazil.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in IJIER journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
 Bechtold, J., Kern, A., Lauenstein, C., Bernhofer, L. (2014). Industry 4.0 -The Capgemini Consulting View: Sharpening the Picture beyond the Hype. Capgemnini Consulting, 31.
 Bücker, I., Hermann, M., Otto, P. (2016). Towards a Methodology for Industry 4.0 Transformation. In: 19th International Conference, Business Information Systems, Leipzig, Germany, p. 209-221.
 Camarinha-Matos L. M., Fornasiero R., Afsarmanesh H. (2017). Collaborative Networks as a Core Enabler of Industry 4.0. In: 18th IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, 2017, Vicenza, Italy, p. 18-20.
 CNI. (2016). Confederação Nacional da Indústria. Desafios para Indústria 4.0 no Brasil. Brasília, 34p. Available at: http://www.portaldaindustria.com.br/publicacoes/2016/8/desafios-para-industria-40-no-brasil/. Accessed in: Nov. 8th 2018.
 Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building Theories from Case Study Research. The Academy of Management Review, v. 14 (4), p. 532-550.
 FIRJAN. (2016). Federação das Indústrias do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Panorama da Inovação: Indústria 4.0, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20 p. Available at: https://www.firjan.com.br/publicacoes/publicacoes-de-inovacao/industria-4-0-1.htm. Accessed in: 08 Nov. 2018.
 Gassmann, O., Enkel, E. (2004). Towards a theory of open innovation: three core process archetypes. In: R&D Management Conference, Lisboa, Portugal, p. 1-18.
 Liao, Y., Deschamps, F., Loures, E., Ramos, L. (2017). Past, present and future of Industry 4.0 - a systematic literature review and research agenda proposal. International Journal of Production Research, 55(12), 3609-3629.
 PWC. (2016). Price Waterhouse Coopers. Indústria 4.0: Digitalização como vantagem competitiva no Brasil. São Paulo, 40p. Available at: https://www.pwc.com.br/pt/publicacoes/servicos/assets/consultoria-negocios/2016/pwc-industry-4-survey-16.pdf. Accessed in: Nov. 13th 2018.
 Schuh, G., Anderl, R., Gausemeier J., Ten Hompel, M., Wahlster, W. (2016). Industrie 4.0 Maturity Index. Managing the Digital Transformation of Companies. Acatech Study, Munich: Germany. Available at: https://www.acatech.de/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/acatech_STUDIE_Maturity_Index_eng_WEB.pdf. Accessed in: Nov. 12th 2018.
 Schumacher, A., Selim, E., Wilfried, S. (2016). A maturity model for assessing Industry 4.0 readiness and maturity of manufacturing enterprises. Procedia CIRP, 52, p. 161-166.
 Schlaepfer, R., Koch, M., Merkofer, P. (2015). Industry 4.0 – Challenges and solutions for the digital transformations and use of exponential technologies, Switzerland: Geneva, 32p. Available at: http://www.industrie2025.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/ch-en-delloite-industry-4-0-24102014.pdf. Acesse in: Nov. 10th 2018.
 Schwab, K. (2017). A Quarta Revolução Industrial. Edipro: São Paulo.
 Sniderman, B., Mahto, M., Cotteleer, M. (2016). Industry 4.0 and manufacturing ecosystems - Exploring the world of connected enterprises. United Kingdom: London, 28p. Available at: https://dupress.deloitte.com/content/dam/dup-us-en/articles/manufacturing-ecosystems-exploring-world-connected-enterprises/DUP_2898_Industry4.0ManufacturingEcosystems.pdf. Acesse in: Nov. 12th 2018.
 Sousa, R. S. (2017). A Indústria 4.0 não muda os fundamentos da boa gestão. Jornal de Negócios Online. Available at: https://www.jornaldenegocios.pt/negocios-iniciativas/premio-excellens-oeconomia/detalhe/a-industria-40-nao-muda-os-fundamentos-da-boa-gestao. Accessed in: Nov. 25th 2018.
 Westerman, G., Calméjane, C., Bonnet, D., Ferraris, P., Mcafee, A. (2011). Digital Transformation: A Roadmap for Billion-Dollar Organizations. MIT Center for Digital Business and Capgemini Consulting, Cambridge, MA, 68p. 2011. Available at: https://www.capgemini.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Digital_Transformation__A_Road-Map_for_Billion-Dollar_Organizations.pdf. Accessed in: Oct. 20th 2018.
 Xu, L., Xu, E., Li, L. (2018). Industry 4.0: state of the art and future trends. International Journal of Production Research, 56(8), p. 2941-2962.
 Yin, R. K. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. Sage Publications.
 Zancul, E. (2017). O Brasil está pronto para a indústria 4.0? Revista Exame (online). Available at: https://exame.abril.com.br/tecnologia/o-brasil-esta-pronto-para-a-industria-4-0/. Acesse in: Nov. 9th 2018