Main Article Content

Sabrina Azevedo Wagner Benetti
Cíntia Beatriz Goi
Carolina Renz Pretto
Cátia Matte Dezordi
Marcos Benetti
Daiane Raquel Steiernagel
Pâmela Vione Morin
Eniva Miladi Fernandes Stumm


Workers in the prison system experience stress at high levels in their daily lives, so they become prone to the development of the Burnout Syndrome. In order to evaluate the occupational stress, the most sensitive and of easy access biochemical method is salivary cortisol. Aim: to evaluate the concentration of salivary cortisol in prison workers and to relate it to the Burnout Syndrome. Methodology: a cross-sectional and analytical study with 240 prison workers from the 3rd Penitentiary Region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, covering 8 counties and 10 prison houses. The instruments of data collection used were a sociodemographic characterization form, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and some salivary samples. The data collection period was from April to June 2017. Results: It was observed an increase in the dimensions of burnout concomitant with the increase of salivary cortisol levels in the research participants. Conclusion: The population studied experienced occupational stress evidenced by the use of the burnout and salivary cortisol instrument analysis, which is an important physiological indicator.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Benetti, S., Goi, C., Pretto, C., Dezordi, C., Benetti, M., Steiernagel, D., Morin, P., & Stumm, E. (2018). ANALYSIS OF SALIVARY CORTISOL AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH BURNOUT DIMENSIONS IN PRISON WORKERS. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 6(5), 155-163. Retrieved from


AKBARI, Jafar et al. Job Stress among Iranian Prison Employees. The International Journal Of Occupational And Environmental Medicine, v. 5, p.208-215, jan. 2014.

CAMPOS, Juliana Faria; DAVID, Helena Maria Scherlowski Leal. Analysis of salivary cortisol as a biomarker of occupational stress in nursing workers. Nursing Magazine Uerj, [s. L.], v. 4, n. 22, p.447-453, 2014.

CORRêA, Jonathan Saidelles et al. Characteristics of national publications on Burnout Syndrome. Human Knowledge: Scientific Journal of the Faculty Antonio Meneghetti, [s.l.], v. 7, n. 10, p.91-104, 9 ago. 2017. Available in: Access in: 13 de nov. de 2017.

CHRIST-CRAIN, M. et al. Measurement of serum free cortisol shows discordant responsivity to stress and dynamic evaluation. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, p. 1729-1735, 2007.
Available in: . Acess in: 14 de junho de 2017.

FAGUNDES, Emerson de França; COSTA, Guilherme Carlos da; MOREIRA, Tabita Aija Silva.

Quality of Life at Work the case of penitentiary agents at a Provisional Detention Center in Rio Grande do Norte.. Research, Society And Development, [s. I.], v. 5, n. 2, p.109-123, 2017. Available in: <>. Acess in: 05 de set. de 2017.

FINNEY, Caitlin et al. Organizational stressors associated with job stress and burnout in correctional officers: a systematic review. Bmc Public Health, [s.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p.1-13, 29 jan. 2013. Springer Nature. Available in: < >. Acess in: 05 de out. de 2017.

GUNNAR, M.; QUEVEDO, K. The neurobiology of stress and development. Annual Review of Psychology, p. 145-73, 2007. Available in: Acess in: 14 de jun. de 2017.

HELLHAMMER, DH; WÜST S; KUDIELKA BM. Salivary cortisol a biomarker in stress research. Psychoneuroendocrinology, p.163-71, 2009.

KALRA, S. et al. The relationship between stress and hair cortisol in healthy pregnant women. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, p. 103-107, 2007. Available in: Acess in: 10 de agosto de 2017.

LAUTERT, Liana. The professional wear of the nurse. 1995. 275 f. Thesis (Doctorate) - Psychology Course, Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, Spain, 1995. Available in: <>. Acess in: 02 de jun. de 2017.

LUPIEN, S. J. et al. The effects of stress and stress hormones on human cognition: implications for the field of brain and cognition. Brain and Cognition, p. 209-237, 2007. Available in: Acess in: 10 de agosto de 2016.

MARCHAND, Alain et al. Burnout symptom sub-types and cortisol profiles: What's burning most?. Psychoneuroendocrinology, [s.l.], v. 40, p.27-36, fev. 2014.

MASLACH, Christina; LEITER, Michael P.. Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry. World Psychiatry, [s.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 103-111, jun. 2016. Available in: <>. Acess in: 10 ago. 2017.

McEWEN, B. S. Allostasis and allostatic load: implications for neuropsychopharmacology. Neuropsychopharmacology, 22:108-123, 2000. Available in: Acess in: 10 de agosto de 2017.

MOLLEDA et al. Influence of burnout on the health of prison workers. Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria, p.: 67-73, 2015.
NUNES, M.T. The endocrine hypothalamus. Physiology. 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara Koogan; 2008. p. 930-51.

PENZ, Marlene et al. Hair cortisol as a biological marker for burnout symptomatology. Psychoneuroendocrinology, [s.l.], p.1-3, jul. 2017. Elsevier BV. Available in: <>. Acess in: 10 de outubro de 2017.

RIBEIRO, Samara dos Santos; MOTTA, Elizângela Araujo Pestana. ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BURNOUT SYNDROME AND CORTISOL HORMONE. Journal of Health Sciences, [s. L.], v. 16, n. 2, p.87-93, 2014. Semestral. Acess in:

ROSAL, M. C. et al. Stress, social support, and cortisol: inverse associations? Behavioral Medicine, 30:11-21, 2004. Available in: Acess in: 15 de agosto de 2016.

SHAKERIAN, Mahnaz et al. Job demand-control and job stress at work: A cross-sectional study among prison staff. Journal Of Education And Health Promotion, [s.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p.15-25, 2017.

SILVA, Jonatan da Rosa Pereira da et al. Human Cost in the Work of Penitentiary Agents. Brazilian Journal of Scientific Initiation, Itapetininga, v. 3, n. 6, p.112-124, 2016.

SIMPSON, E. E. A. et al. Salivary cortisol, stress, and mood in healthy older adults: the Zenith study. Biological Psychology, 78:1-9, 2008. Available in: Acess in: 10 de agosto de 2017.

SOARES, A. J. A.; ALVES, M. G. P. Cortisol as a variable in health psychology. Psychology, Health & Diseases, 7:165-177, 2006. Available in: Acess in: 15 de julho de 2017

TAYLOR, S. E. et al. Cultural differences in the impact of social support on psychological and biological stress responses. Psychological Science, p. 831-837, 2007. Available in: Acess in: 15 de julho de 2017.

Most read articles by the same author(s)